Best Snake Humidifier Reviewed

Snakes have been kept as pets for as long as human civilizations go. These reptiles are tough, resilient, and some of them are just nature’s masterpiece. Snakes are wild animals and prefer staying in habitats that support their lifestyle, but if you are planning on bringing one home as a pet you need to be highly prepared. 

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In the wild, snakes are ace predators with very little things to fear. They hunt, eat, sleep, mate, reproduce, and do a lot many things that contribute to their health and well-being. But these activities are only possible due to the climatic conditions they get in the wild. Such an environment can be created inside a home with the help of a humidifier. 
A humidifier plays a vital role in making your house habitable for snakes. It increases humidity in the environment, making it moist and suitable for snakes to perform their daily functions. The right amount of humidity in the air enables the snakes to shed better and keeps them away from respiratory infections.
If you are looking to get a humidifier for your snake, get one that comprises all the necessary features. Your goal when buying a humidifier should be to increase convenience for both you and your reptile friend. 
For a head start, you can take a look at our list that consists of the best snake humidifiers on the internet. 

Best Snake Humidifiers: 

Coospider Reptile Fogger:

While every reptile requires a different amount of humidity level, adjusting the humidifier after every hour is not the kind of thing you want to be occupied with all day. The Coospider Reptile Fogger is the savior you need to keep your reptiles comfortable.

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The fogger gains its commendable fog level controlling ability due to the superior quality materials that are used in its construction. Its continuous usage can protect your snake from shedding complications, dehydration, and respiratory problems. 
It uses 100 to 240V AC for power and 27 watts at its maximum capacity. The overall capacity of the tank is 3 liters, and it can help you to keep the tank fogged up for a long time. You can change the fog output up to 380ml/hr. 
The fogger fills the tank with a cool and fine mist which is a remarkable feature of this product. When the machine runs out of water, it activates the auto turnoff feature that shuts down the machine immediately and helps you save power. 
It comes with a 1.5ft Flexi-cable hose that can be extended up to 6.3 feet. The package also includes a pair of suction cups that hold the hose pipe. All of the components of the machine are well fitted. You don’t have to detach them while assembling or disassembling the machine. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 7.5 x 7.5 x 12.5 inches
  • Weight: 2.65 Pounds
  • 3L – Water Tank
  • Dry Run – Stop Work protection


  • Produces a good amount of fog
  • Easy to operate
  • Saves electricity 
  • The auto-shutdown feature keeps the snake safe. 


  • The release mechanism can sometimes prevent the water from reaching the ultrasonic base that can cause problems while creating a mist. 

Oiibo Reptile Humidifier:

Have more than one reptile? No problem, this wonderful humidifier comes with two hose pipe outlets that can help you keep both tanks humid. The Oiibo Reptile Humidifier can be used for snakes like reticulated python, ball python, green tree python, rainbow boa, and more. 

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It is one of the best ultrasonic humidifiers that sprays mist silently in the enclosure and makes the tank environment clean, healthy, and moist for the reptile. Owing to its dual-port design, the maximum output of the machine ranges between 250 ml/hr to 350 ml/hr.
You can regulate the flow of the mist using the regulator that is at the front of the machine. The humidifier’s tank can hold 2.2 liters of water which can be filled easily using the hole at the bottom of the machine. 
The high water tank capacity provides mist for many days. Just like the product above, the Oiibo Reptile Humidifier also has an auto-shutdown feature that turns the machine off when the tank has no water. 
It comes with two hose pipes in black and transparent colors and 4 suction cups to keep the pipes from falling. 
It also makes a fine humidifier for other reptiles such as toads, lizards, iguanas, hermit crabs, tortoise, water dragons, chameleons, and others. 
Key Features

  • Size: 10.9 x 8.3 x 7.1 inches
  • Weight: 2.2 Pounds
  • Has a 2.2 liters tank capacity 
  • Can be used with vivarium, cage, aquarium, terrarium, reptarium, and other types of cages. 


  • Dry tank auto-shutdown 
  • Creates odorless air and a moist environment
  • Saves you money 
  • Works silently


  • Hard to clean

Vivosun Pet Supplies Reptile Humidifier:

If you want to buy a humidifier that comes with a lot of features and can provide the best living conditions for your snake, you can opt for the Vivosun Pet Supplies Reptile Humidifier. It is one of the few products on the internet that comes at an affordable price with so many features.

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Vivosun Reptile Humidifier has been designed to provide reptiles with fresh, odorless, and clean humid air. You cannot only adjust the output but adjust it at 7 different levels with help of a regulator. Meanwhile, the output can be adjusted to 100 ml, 200 ml, or 300 ml per hour.
You can fill the 2.5-liter tank easily by unscrewing the nozzle. It has a flexible hose that bends in almost any direction but the best part is, it extends from 1.5 feet to 5 feet. Also, there are suction cups to hold the pipe in place.
Vivosun has included the advanced auto-shutdown feature in this product which saves electricity and keeps the product from getting damaged.  
The machine has a home friendly dimension measuring 10.6 x 8.8 x 8.8 inches and weighs 2.4 pounds. It works perfectly for reptiles like snakes, gecko, turtles, lizards, chameleons, tortoises, and more. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 11 x 9.1 x 7.8 inches
  • Weight: 2.45 Pounds
  • Knob type adjustment switch
  • 2.5L, Big Volume Tank
  • Flexible adjustable hose


  • High fog output up to 300ml/h
  • Shuts down automatically when the tank is empty
  • Silent humidification 30dB sound output


  • The hose needs to placed in a perfect position for the fog to be released in the tank 

ReptiZoo 4L Reptile Humidifier:

It can be hard to imagine that a pet accessory has been designed to look elegant while being extensively functional, well, you can check out The ReptiZoo 4L Reptile Humidifier. It is not famous only for its looks, but the features it has, make it an outstanding alternative. 

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The humidifier works with 110v-240v power that is supplied by a highly-durable power cable. To save the machine from getting damaged, the circuit is programmed to adjust electricity consumption according to the voltage fluctuation. You can plug it in any standard US outlet. 
It has a 4-liter tank that holds more water and requires fewer trips to the water faucet and can keep the tank humidified for a longer period. Moreover, the fog output can be regulated by using the screen touch interface.
The screen touch interface also lets you regulate the number of sprays the machine emits during the day. It comes with the standard settings of 300 ml, 200ml, and 100ml per hour. For an uninterrupted supply of fog, you can use the extendable hose pipe that stretches from 15.6 inches to 63.6 inches. 
It comes with an advanced memory function that remembers your settings every time you assemble after cleaning the machine. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 7.8 x 6.4 x 11 inches
  • Weight: 3.17 Pounds
  • High Capacity


  • Top-fill Design
  • 3 Adjustable Mist Level
  • Sleep Mode


  • None

ReptiZoo 10L Reptile Mister:

If the small size does not fit your requirement, you can try this monster from ReptiZoo. The ReptiZoo 10L Reptile Mister offers you all features that are present in its smaller option, but many other advancements can make you reconsider your decision. 

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This machine is a great option for people who have multiple enclosures not only because of its size, but it comes with 4 spray nozzles that can be further modified into 20 sprays. The sprays come with 360-degree nozzles that are designed for a wider range and time regulated sprays.
It works silently to avoid disturbing your pets. The machine has an internal backwatering technology that stops the water from dripping.
There are three settings on the control panel that allow you to choose the way the machine functions. The first setting is for the length of the cycle, this setting lets you choose the functioning duration of the machine. The second setting lets you select the spray duration and the third setting is for the amount of moisture the machine will spray within a set duration. 
Apart from the machine and hose pipes, the company gives you a power adapter that has to be attached for the power source. To fill the water in the machine, you can use the 196.8 inches pipe provided by the company.
Key Features: 

  • Size: 9.25 x 9.25 x 15.63 inches
  • Weight: 10.7 Pounds
  • 360° spray nozzle
  • 10-liter water capacity


  • Easy to operate
  • Built-in high-pressure pump
  • Silent operation


  • The machine vibrates when working, which can make noise if kept on certain surfaces. 

Evergreen Pet Supplies Reptile Humidifier/Fogger:

Evergreen Pet Supplies Reptiles Humidifier is a simpler alternative with a sleek and compact design, silent function, and decent water capacity. Easy operation makes it user friendly and can be assembled in minutes. 

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The machine has an excellent fog output that can reach up to 300ml per hour and suffices for your pet’s moisture needs. You can use it for different types of reptiles and amphibians as it has no negative effect on their health. 
To regulate the fog output the machine has a regulator at the front which also lets you choose from the different settings that change the amount of fog output. 
It has a tank capacity of 2 liters which aids in providing moisture to your reptile for a long time eliminating the need of refilling the tank over and over again. To prevent spillage or overflow, the machine has a no-spill valve that removes the excess water from the tank with ease. 
The machine has an auto-shutdown feature that turns the machine off to keep your pet safe and protect the machine from getting damaged. 
It has a guide that comes with detailed setup instructions which make assembling the machine a lot easier. The machine can be used with a tank, vision cage, plastic/PVC/glass cage, and vivariums. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 8.5 x 7 x 11.5 inches 
  • Weight: 1.5 Pounds
  • Compatible with most enclosures. 


  • Well-built and durable 
  • Consistent output
  • Soundless functioning
  • Shuts down when dry 
  • Huge tank capacity of 2 liters


  • Refilling the tank requires a lot of hard work as the machine has to be disassembled.

Aiicioo Upgrade Reptile Humidifier Fogger:

More water tank capacity, durable construction, and commendable reliability are some of the basic qualities of Aiicioo Upgrade Reptile Humidifier. The machine has a simple operating process that makes it very user-friendly. 

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It has been constructed to produce minimal sound when operating which lets your snake get an undisturbed sleep. The 3-liter water tank keeps the machine running for a long time and gives you freedom from refilling it multiple times. 
It comes with a regulator switch that lets you control the mist in the tank and make it perfect for your pet. The auto-shutdown feature of the device turns the machine off when it runs out of water. 
The package includes all the necessary things that can help you operate the machine easily. It has a nozzle that lets you connect the hose pipe that is included in the package too. The hosepipe has a size of 1.5 feet but can be extended to 5 feet for maximum reach.  
To help you with cleaning the company has provided a brush that can get rid of the gunk and salt that often gets accumulated in the pipes and fog generator. Its several qualities make it suitable for other reptiles and amphibians 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 13.15 x 7.64 x 7.64 inches
  • Weight: 2.15 Pounds
  • 3-ltr water tank capacity


  • Silent operation
  • Auto Shut Off Protect
  • Flexible and extendable hose


  • Filling water in the tank can be a trouble as the machine has to be disassembled. 

BETAZOOER Reptile Humidifier:

The BETAZOOER Reptile Humidifier is perfect for reptiles that spend most of their time in the tank. It can create sufficient mist which can make the tank more habitable for your snake. The humidifier is made using high-quality and durable materials that make it last longer. 

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Its small size takes less space in the house and its unique construction enables it to work efficiently. The humidifier tank can hold 2.5 liters water and can keep the terrarium humidified for a long time. 
You can use it with different kinds of tanks, terrarium, cage, and vivarium. To use it for multiple tanks, you can attach a splitter and use it with two hosepipes. Its silent operation abilities help your snake to get sound sleep while getting the moisture it needs. 
It has the advanced auto-shutdown feature that turns off the humidifier when there is no water in the tank. Moreover, the machine has an LED light that indicates the changes in the water level in the humidifier. 
The machine comes with a flexible hose pipe that extends from 1.3 – 5.3 feet. To keep the hosepipe stationed well to the sides of the tank, the package also includes two suction cups that can be attached to the walls of the tank.
Key Features: 

  • Size:7.8 x 6 x 11.4 inches
  • Weight: 2.3 Pounds
  • Works for 2 days straight
  • Can be used for different reptiles


  • Easy to use
  • High tank capacity
  • Works silently 
  • Durable 


  • Sometimes the moisture condenses in the pipe and flows in the tank making the substrate wet. 

Zoo Med Reptifogger Terrarium Humidifier:

The Zoo Med Reptifogger Terrarium Humidifier is a compact humidifier that is suitable for small-sized tanks. It has all the features that can make the tank habitable for your snakes while helping them avoid health problems. 

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The design is quite unusual and therefore can be tough to set up in the first instance. It has an ultrasonic system that creates cleans and odorless fog which can be controlled using the regulator. 
The regulator lets you choose between minimum to maximum output and enables you to keep the flow of the moisture precise. For water storage, the humidifier comes with a one-liter bottle that keeps the fog going on. 
It has a no-spill valve that prevents any kind of spillage while giving you the advantage of an easy refill. The product comes in different sizes that can be used for different tank sizes. It is easy to use and is suitable for different kinds of reptiles. 
The hosepipe included with the machine can be extended to 3-feet and is flexible enough to bend in different directions. It is made from durable and high-quality plastic that does not break easily, while its compact construction takes very little space. The humidifier can be used for all types of snakes and reptiles. 
Key Features: 

  • Size:10.1 x 9.7 x 6.2 inches
  • Weight: 10.65 Ounces 
  • Comes with a 3-feet pipe 


  • Comes with all the necessary fittings for setup 
  • The No-spill valve makes water filling easier. 
  • Precise fog control 


  • Requires distilled water
  • Setup can be complex for beginners 
  • The flow gets clogged quite often 

MistKing Starter Misting System:

If you have a ball python and are looking for misters and sprayers that can make your pet comfortable in his terrarium, the MistKing Starter Misting system is the one product you need to look for. 

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The MistKing 22251 gives you the benefit of both sprayer and mister that are important for ball pythons. It generates mist for a long time and keeps the environment moist in the best way possible. 
The machine is made using superior quality and durable parts and can last for years if used properly. It comes with a mist controller that allows you to maintain a specific amount of fog in the terrarium. 
It has an exclusive hydration system that works like magic for ball pythons and makes them highly active. The humidifier continues to provide your python with the cool and odorless mist while being highly energy efficient. 
Since snakes are not fond of loud noises and whirring sounds, the company has made sure that MistKing works as silently as possible. 
Key Features:

  • Height: 2.44″ L x 2.44″ W x 7.62″ H
  • Weight: 2.45 lb
  • Consistent moist mist generation


  • Powerful spray and pump
  • Extremely quiet
  • Lightweight, compact and durable


  • Complex set up  
  • Expensive 

Things to look out for in a good reptile humidifier: 

If you go looking for a humidifier, there is a good chance that you might come across numerous options that have several features. However, to see if the humidifier is good for your snake, you need to look for these qualities. 

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Tank Capacity: Humidifiers come with large tanks and can take up a lot of water. You need to look for humidifiers that can hold a lot of water so you don’t have to keep refilling and reassembling the tank. 
Extension Hose: The hose pipe plays an important role in the humidifier. It carries the water from the tank into the mister. You need to look for a longer hose as it lets you make adjustments to the machine’s setup. 
Automatic Shutdown: This feature increases the lifespan of the humidifier. It shuts the humidifier down when water is absent in the tank. It also prevents accidents and keeps your pets safe. 
Adjustable: Due to the difference in the fog outputnot every humidifier is suitable for a snake. You need to look for humidifiers that let you adjust the fog output of the machine and help you make the tank more habitable for your snake.

Frequently asked questions: 

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Is a humidifier necessary for a snake?

Yes, it can help the reptile in many ways. Moreover, humidifiers also improve the health of a snake and reduce the chances of them getting respiratory diseases.

How do I know if the fog output level is right for my snake?

This is a very common and important question and since humidifiers come with adjustable fog outputs choosing the right one can be confusing. We recommend you to keep the machine at a medium setting and observe the behavior of your snake closely.
If your snake is still shedding, you can set the fog output to a higher setting. But, if your snake is unable to move and falls sick over and over again, you can keep it at a lower setting. 

Is 75% Humidity Too High For Ball Pythons?

Ball pythons need humidity around 60%, and 75% can be too high for them. But if it is their shedding period, then you may have to increase the humidity level to 80%. Too much humidity can also lead to respiratory problems. 


Even if you live in tropical regions where the humidity is usually high, the tank of your snake might not have the same level of humidity. Hence, it is essential to get a humidifier for your snake.
I hope you have gained sufficient knowledge about humidifiers that will help you make an informed decision while buying one. If you have any queries or suggestions regarding the same, you can write them in the comments. 


Best Snake Heating Pads Reviewed

People either go YIKES! or YAY! at the sight of snakes. But if you are among the YAY sayers, it is clear that you admire snakes, and there’s a chance that you may even have one in your house as a pet. 

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These reptiles are worth admiring, they are nature’s apex predators and quite resilient. When in captivity, they make great pets but not like the cuddly ones, and need some amount of care to stay healthy and live longer. And one of the care essentials for snake care includes heating pads. 
Snakes cannot produce heat on their own due to their cold-blooded mechanism. Hence, when they are in the wild, they sit on high rocks to get heat from the sun and warm up their body. The heating pads work similarly to the rocks in the wild and keeps your snake healthy when indoors. 
Heating pads are devices that generate heat from under the tank and keep your snake warm. The heat generated from the heating pad enables your pet reptile to carry on with its bodily functions.
To help you save time and get the best heating pad we have combined some of the finest products that can keep your snake healthy and give you great value for money. 

Best Snake Heating Pads:

iPower Under Tank Heat Pad And Digital Thermostat:

Snakes rely on heating pads to keep them healthy therefore you need to choose one that can provide the required amount of heat and keeps working for a long time. The iPower Under Tank Heater fulfills both requirements with ease and comes with numerous features. 

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The pad has been constructed using an advanced heating film and insulation that distributes the heat all over the tank equally and saves you a lot of money on energy. To hold it firm on the glass of the terrarium, the company has added a 3M adhesive tape which prevents the mat from falling off. 
It uses 8-watts of energy and can generate high temperatures up to 108° F degrees with ease. To makes sure that your pet reptile does not get burned from the intense heat, the company has included a thermostat in the package that lets you increase or reduce the temperature of the mat. 
The mat comes in four different sizes that range from 4″ x 7″ to 8″ x 18″. These mats can be used for terrariums ranging from the size of 1-gallon to 60-gallon. It is very easy to use, all you have to do is stick the mat to the bottom of the tank and plug the mat in a multi-pronged outlet. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 11.93 x 8.54 x 7.4 inches
  • Weight: 1.99 Pounds
  • Has a temperature range from 40°f – 108°f (5-42°c)
  • Optimal heat transfer


  • Comes with thermostat and controller 
  • Uses very little power
  • Many size options


  • Higher price

Zilla Heat Mat Terrarium Heater:

There are very few companies in the world that can match the quality of products manufactured by Zilla. Using their profound expertise the company has designed the Zilla Heater Mat, a stellar heating solution for people with pet snakes. 

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To begin with, the product comes in a wide range of sizes that can fit different tanks with all kinds of snakes. They are very energy efficient and there is not much difference in power consumption among the different sizes. 
To prevent any kind of slippage the mat comes with a strong adhesive that provides a sturdy grip to the different surfaces. You can use the mat with different types of tanks, terrariums, and enclosures. 
It can be used for other reptiles too. You don’t have to worry about the age of your reptile, Zilla Heat Mat’s heat supports reptiles of all ages. The mat is made from high-quality products and lasts longer with proper usage.
When it comes to heat distribution, Zilla Heat Mat covers a large area and distributes consistent heat all across the tank. The heat distribution’s efficiency relies on the Carbon Fiber construction which also eliminates the need for wires making the tank safer for your pet. 
For additional safety, the mat comes with an inbuilt on and off switch. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 6.3 x 10.5 x 1.3 inches
  • Weight: 8.8 Ounces
  • A good heat source for all kinds of reptiles
  • Consistent heating, no hot spots, and energy-efficient
  • Easy-to-use adhesive mounting 


  • Comes with a temperature controller
  • Uses very little power
  • Easy to clean 
  • Several sizes available


  • Temperature control can sometimes show the wrong temperature

VIVOSUN Durable Waterproof Seedling Heat Mat:

This mat is not designed for reptiles but can be highly beneficial for them. It can heat large-sized solid tanks quickly. Vivosun has designed the mat very differently as compared to its other products as it comes with features that set it apart from other heating pads. 

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The mat can be rolled up for storage and its water-proof body makes it easier to clean. Even though the mat heats up very quickly, it does not affect the material of the tank. This makes it suitable for large-sized enclosures. 
To heat the mat, the company has incorporated a radiating infra-red lightwave which turns the heat source softer. It can reach temperatures of 40 degrees to 104 degrees Fahrenheit. 
The mat does not use a lot of power to generate heat, it is designed to emit high temperatures by using only 40-watts. It has a non-warping design that makes the mat suitable for use under snake substrate too. 
Controlling and limiting the temperature to an optimal point is not possible with this heating pad and therefore, the mat has a connection port that allows you to use the mat with a thermostat from Vivosun or a different company. 
Key Features:

  • Size: 20.5 x 2.5 x 2.25 inches
  • Weight: 1.1 pounds
  • It has an extra safe connection in the long power cable and the mat
  • Multi-layer construction offers high temperature


  • Water-resistant 
  • Light-weight
  • Uses less electricity


  • Thermostat not included

Fluker’s 29050 Heat Mat for Reptiles:

Fluker’s is among the top brands that are known for their superior quality products. The company’s huge lineup of products comprises some of the best ones that can help you with reptile care and Fluker’s 29050 Heat Mat is one of them. 

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The mat is extremely durable and distributes heat evenly in the area of the tank which creates an environment that is similar to the ones in the wild. It is very simple to use and takes very little time in installation. 
To install the product all you have to do is mount it on the outer side of the tank and turn it on. Based on your pet’s preference, you can place it on the sides or under the tank. Due to its high heat generation ability, it creates a good heat gradient. 
When installing the mat, you need to make sure that it has enough room for ventilation. To which you can raise the tank a little higher by placing wooden blocks under it. The ventilation prevents heat build-up and prevents fire outbreaks. 
You can use aluminum tape to stick the mat to the tank as it can be removed easily and does not get damaged due to the heat produced by the machine. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 1 x 12 x 20 inches
  • Weight: 12.8 Ounces
  • Easy to use 
  • Durable construction


  • Easy to mount on the sides of the enclosure
  • Distributes heat evenly
  • Suitable for other reptiles too. 


  • Doesn’t have a sticky adhesive to stick the mat.

iPower 10″ x 20.5″ Heat Mat:

If you have a small snake as a pet, buying a heating pad made for a large tank might not be a wise decision. Moreover, finding good quality and a safe small-sized heating pad at an affordable price is nothing short of a conquest. Fortunately, there is the iPower 10” X 20.5” Heat Mat. 

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The heat pad comes with a thermometer gauge that lets you optimize the temperature of the tank with ease. Moreover, you don’t have to pay for an extra thermometer. It comes with a temperature controller, that lets you increase or decrease the temperature of the heating pad. 
There two temperature displays on the thermometer, Celsius and Fahrenheit. The mat can reach temperatures of 40°F – 108°F (5-42°C). 
The pad has a water-resistant design which makes it easy to clean and also suitable for vivariums. It also has LED lights that indicate the power and functional status of the machine. To provide safe and optimal heat, the heater is constructed using stronger heating wire and thicker multi-layer construction. 
Its compact size makes it easier to fit and adjust in small spaces. Apart from snakes, the heating pad can be used for other reptiles too. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 7 x 11 x 6 inches
  • Weight: 1.6 pounds
  • It has durable internal insulated wiring for enhanced safety


  • Easy installation
  • High-quality and performance
  • Heats the tank quickly
  • Comes with a temperature regulator 


  • Can overheat sometimes.

Zoo Med Reptitherm Undertank Heater:

Zoo Med is a widely preferred brand for pet products and foods. The company has an extensive range of products for reptiles that help them to live comfortably indoors. The Reptitherm Undertank Heater is an incredible heating solution from Zoo Med as it packs numerous benefits at an affordable price.

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Reptitherm is a great solution for both beginners and experts. You can use it for snakes and other reptiles too. It comes in different sizes i.e. mini, small, medium, and large that can be used for tanks of varying sizes. 
It is compatible with different types of thermostats which lets you regulate the temperature of the heater with ease. The heating pad comes with adhesive on one side which can help you stick the heater on the walls of the tank.
To make sure that the heating pad gets the required amount of ventilation, the company has included ‘Bump-on feet’ that can be attached to the bottom of the tank. These attachments increase the height of the tank slightly giving way to air circulation. 
It can heat a tank within minutes while using very little energy. The pad has an easy installation and operation process. To start the heating pad, you just have to plug it in a power outlet and turn it on. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 7.09 x 11.02 x 1.18 inches
  • Weight: 7.2 Ounces
  • Heat the tank quickly
  • Comes in different sizes


  • Easy installation
  • Compatible with almost all thermostats 
  • Suitable for all kinds of reptiles


  • The possibilities of overheating are very high
  • Large sizes are suitable for glass terrariums

Zacro Reptile Heat Pad With Thermostat:

Zacro is not as famous as the other brands in the market but its commendable features have brought it on our list. It also comes with a thermostat which can be a major advantage over options. 

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The temperature of the heating pad can be regulated to make the tank habitable for your reptile pet. To distribute heat evenly in all the areas of the tank the heating pad has been given a nichrome heating wire. 
It ensures that your snake gets a good heat gradient throughout the tank and avoids creating hotspots in the tank. Its high-quality PVC construction makes it flexible and foldable. The PVC construction also makes it easier to clean. 
To install the heating pad to your tank, you just have to peel the sticker off the double-sided tape and stick it on the heating pad and the wall of the tank. It can be an ideal heating source for other reptiles, amphibians, and arachnids.
The heating pad uses a 120V socket for operation and consumes around 16-watts power to generate high temperatures. It has a long wire that goes up to 1.8m and has an American plug that can be used in any socket. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 8.4 x 3.6 x 3.6 inches
  • Wire: 10.86 Ounces
  • High-temperature output
  • Durable construction


  • High efficiency.
  • Safe for use
  • Foldable design.


  • The thermostat can show the wrong heat level some times. 

Sequoia Reptile Under Tank Heating Pad:

People with large snake tanks often face problems while looking for a good quality heating pad. Large-sized heating pads are often unable to provide consistent heat throughout the tank. To solve this problem, Sequoia has introduced its Under Tank Heating Pad that works like magic. 

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Just like the heating pads on this list, the Sequoia Heating Pad comes with a temperature control feature. It enables you to choose the perfect temperature for your pet snake with precision and make the tank environment even more habitable.
The heating pad is humongous in size and comes in two different variants that measure 11 x 11 inches and 11 x 16.5 inches. 
It comes with UL certification and comes with an automatic thermostat that regulates the temperature of the tank according to the needs of your pet. Owing to this feature it has been commended as the safest heating pad available online.
To ensure seamless electricity supply and consistent heating all over the pad, the company has incorporated high-quality nichrome heating wires in the product. The durability of the product is taken care of by the high-grade PVC used in the construction. 
The PVC construction also lends other qualities like water and moisture resistance which are essential in heating pads. Furthermore, the material also makes the heating pad easy to clean. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 11”Wx16.5”L
  • Weight: 5.61 Ounces
  • Comes with high-level nichrome heating wire 
  • Great PVC material to insulation 


  • Waterproof and easy to clean 
  • Sticks to both sides and the bottom 
  • Safe for the pets 


  • The temperature is considerably low as compared to other alternatives

FOCUSPET Under Tank Heater:

As much as heating pads are essential for snakes, some of them can be highly hazardous. They tend to overheat and can injure your pet reptile. However, Focuspet Under Tank Heater’s moderate heat output can be an optimal choice. 

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It is a high-performance heating pad and can be very helpful in improving the metabolism of your pet and make them active. The moderate heat not only protects the snakes from injuries but helps them get an undisturbed sleep. 
You can get a heating pad measuring 6×8 inches and size that consumes only 8-watts electricity to function. To get the best results, it is recommended that the product should be fitted to the outer part of the terrarium. 
It is very easy to install this product as it comes with an adhesive that is thrice as strong when compared to other products. Its waterproof and moisture-proof design lets you clean it easily. It can be used for other reptiles such as turtles, lizards, turtles, small mammals, spiders, reptiles, etc.
The product is very easy to use and can produce stunning results if used correctly. You can also use it as a secondary heat source for your snake. Its quick heating ability can be a key advantage during winters. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 11.42 x 6.1 x 1.18 inches
  • Weight: 8.47 Ounces
  • Easy clean & convenient to use
  • Can also be used in thermostats 


  • Warms up quickly 
  • Saves energy
  • Extremely durable with waterproof and moisture resistant abilities


  • None

Aiicioo Under Tank Heater and Thermostat: 

The Aiicioo Under Tank Heater comes in a combo that includes a digital thermostat as well. This helps you save money while eliminating the need for buying a separate thermostat. 

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The heating pad is designed to provide gentle and constant heat for 24 hours, while the thermostat lets you monitor and optimize the temperature. 
It has the highest quality adhesive for sticking the heating pad to the walls of the terrarium. The commendable grip of the heating pad effectively reduces the chances of the heating pad falling off or separating from the tank. 
While the heating pad can be stuck on any walls of the tank, we recommend you to stick it at the bottom of the tank with a little elevation for air circulation. This position creates an excellent heat gradient for the reptiles and gives them the freedom of getting a heated surface everywhere in the tank. 
It is very easy to install the Aiicioo Heating Pad. Peel the sticker off the heating pad and stick it at the bottom of the tank. Once the pad is placed, you can plug it in the controller and use the 3-button interface to optimize the temperature. You can then go ahead and plug it in the outlet for the power supply. 
Key Features: 

  • Size: 12 x 8 x 1.9 inches
  • Weight: 15.2 Ounces
  • Digital thermostat interface, 
  • Dual temperature metrics


  • Precise temperature setting
  • Low power consumption
  • Easy setup and usage
  • Consistent heating 


  • Not suitable for all reptiles

Commonly Asked Questions:

Snakes can be hard to understand and identifying their pain requires close observance. However, it is not ethically correct to let the snake experience pain before making things comfortable for them. 

Image Credits: Dreamstime 
Heating pads can do the same thing, one wrong decision or move and your snake will go through a world of pain. To avoid harming your reptilian friend, it would be great to seek guidance. Therefore, we have compiled a few commonly asked questions that can clear your doubts and help you care for them in a better way.  

Can You Put A Snake Heating Pad On Wood?

The answer to this question depends on the type of heating pad you are opting to purchase. Some heating pads are designed to work well on all kinds of surfaces and produce enough heat to pass through the material without affecting it. 
On the other hand, there are some products that are not able to generate a similar amount of heat. In addition, some heating pads also damage the terrariums that are made of certain materials. For instance, the heat generated from some pads can break the terrarium glass. 

Does A Heat Mat Go Inside The Tank?

Heating pads have to be used in a particular way to get the maximum benefit. But, some terrarium materials may not be able to withstand the heat generated from the device such as plastic. Only in such a case, the heating pad can be placed inside the tank. 
However, getting in direct contact with the heating pad can cause injury to the snake. To prevent that from happening, you can put some soil and paper substrate that will work towards absorbing the heat and making the tank safe for the snake. 

Is it OK to use a heated rock for a heat source?

You may have seen this in the wildlife channels and you might be trying to make your snake’s terrarium look like its natural habitat but this might not be a good idea.
Getting in touch with any kind of heat source directly can be life-threatening for snakes. Heat sources on the other hand can get way hotter due to climatic conditions. As mentioned above, you need to keep a buffer between the snake and the heat source. 

Should I turn off my snake’s heating pad at night?

This question is very common and has many reasons behind it. Some people care for their pets, while others care for their and the planet. However, the decision of turning the heating pad off during the night should be taken while considering the species of your snake. 
It is recommended that you turn the heating pad off periodically to protect them from getting damaged. Whereas, some snake breeds don’t need 24×7 heat, so you can turn the heating pad off at night.
Unplugging the heating pad once during the day is important so that it cools down and the parts don’t get overworked. 

Do snake heating pads affect humidity?

You may have come to this by applying basic logic and we applaud you for it. Only light sources do dry out the moisture in a snake’s terrarium, but you can solve that problem by adding a humidifier to your snake’s tank. 
And snake heating pads don’t emit light, hence, they don’t affect the moisture levels and make them arid for your reptile friend. At the same time, it is also important to keep a check on the humidity levels in the tank. 
Apart from the heat, snakes species also need different levels of humidity and there are a lot of factors that can affect it. You will have to look for humidifier options for your snake if you live in hot regions like Arizona. If you are located in the regions of Florida or Virginia, you will not need humidifiers. 


Snake care if done right, can help your pet reptile lead a long life, but since we are not experts, you can always look for guidance and implement what’s best. Heating pads are just basic instruments of care but can help in keeping your snake healthy, you need to track your snake’s behavior carefully to identify the changes in their health. 
I hope the above information has helped you gain substantial knowledge about snake heating pads. If you have any queries or suggestions regarding the same, you can write them in the comments. 


Best Turtle Substrate Reviewed

You want to give your turtles the best possible habitat. Whether you have an aquatic turtle or a land-dwelling pet, getting the right substrate can be an important part of that. It can improve the look of any tank but also serve a vital role in giving them a comfortable environment.

What makes the best turtle substrate? There are several factors to take into account such as its suitability to your turtle, how safe it is and how easy it is to clean. Other factors such as how it looks will also be important.

With plenty to think about, it can be hard to know what the best turtle substrate is for you. That’s where we want to help. We’ve found the 13 best substrates out there and have also answered some FAQs in case you had any queries. Let’s get started!

The 13 Best Turtle Substrates for Your Tank

Here are our reviews of the 13 best turtle substrates available right now.

CFKJ Aquarium Gravel River Rock

For those that wanted to have rocks for their turtle substrate, this would be perfect. They have a polished finish which means that they not only look great but they are also smooth and therefore won’t cause any abrasions. That style is also increased by their range of colors.

The rocks are far too big for turtles to think about eating them and will be comfortable on their feet. The large bag gives you plenty to work with but there aren’t any other buying options. The stones are easy to clean and require minimal maintenance. They are perfect for any turtle lovers looking for rock substrate.

What we liked

  • Polished finish
  • Stylish appearance
  • Variety of natural colors
  • Easy on their feet
  • Too large to swallow
  • Value for money
  • Easy to clean
  • Large bag

What we didn’t like

  • No buying options
  • Some chipped stones

Sackorange 2 LB Aquarium Gravel River Rock

Sackorange is another company that has made an elegant rock solution. The standout feature of these rocks is their bright natural colors that will make your habitat look fantastic. They are rounded, polished and will be completely safe with the large pieces you get. The pieces are far too big to worry about your turtle ingesting them.

They are a little expensive when compared to other rocks but have plenty of great features. No pre-cleaning is required and you’ll get the benefit of quick delivery. If you want to combine a healthy habitat with stunning beauty then these rocks would be a good choice.

What we liked

  • Brightly colored rocks
  • Rounded and polished
  • Large pieces
  • Looks great
  • No pre-cleaning required
  • Simple to clean
  • Too big to swallow
  • Fast delivery

What we didn’t like

  • Some cracks and chips
  • A little expensive

Exo Terra Riverbed Sand

For those looking for a sand solution, Exo Terra has you covered. This is a high-quality substrate that your turtles are going to love burrowing in. The packaging can be a little poor at times but if you get your product in one pieces then you’re going to love it. Some users have reported receiving open bags but this is rarely an issue.

It comes in a large 10-pound bag that will go a long way. The fine sand is going to be safe and comfortable for any turtle. Added to these features, the sand is completely natural and it will also be an attractive addition to any habitat. It can be used at the bottom of an aquatic tank but also for a basking area.

What we liked

  • High-quality sand
  • No impaction worries
  • Large 10-pound bag
  • 100% natural
  • Perfect for aquatic turtles
  • Ideal for burrowing
  • Very fine sizing
  • Makes an attractive habitat

What we didn’t like

  • Poor packaging
  • Can be a little messy

Fluker Labs Repta-Bark All Natural Bedding

This bark is going to be perfect for a box turtle or any land-dwelling turtle. The large pieces of bark look great and gives them a great surface on which to explore. It will also be safe and you don’t have to worry about impaction.

There are three size options available and they all give you great value for money. The bark will aid in maintaining high humidity and it will last for a long time. The packet can be a little dusty which can be a little annoying. Aside from that, it’s a brilliant substrate and one that both you and your turtles are going to love.

What we liked

  • Three size options
  • Aids in high humidity
  • Large pieces of bark
  • Easy to burrow under
  • Great for box turtles
  • Impressive longevity
  • Looks great
  • Value for money

What we didn’t like

  • Can be quite dusty
  • Too small for some users

Zoo Med Eco Earth Compressed Coconut Fiber Substrate

Another brilliant substrate for box turtles is coconut fiber. These Zoo Med packages come in a compact size and then expand massively. That makes them great to store for future use. You also get a minimum amount of dust from these bricks and therefore aren’t going to be as messy at some other options.

That expansion does mean that there is a fair amount of preparation time required but that’s not a problem for most people. It’s very easy to use and will be popular with many different types of turtles. It’s able to retain a high level of humidity and is fairly easy to clean.

What we liked

  • Huge expansion
  • Great for high humidity
  • Ideal for many turtle types
  • Easy to use
  • Simple to store
  • Good for bulk buyers
  • Fast shipping
  • Minimal dust

What we didn’t like

  • Preparation time
  • May be too fine for some

Zoo Med (2 Pack) Eco Earth Loose Coconut Fiber Substrate

We’ve looked at large bricks of coconut fiber substrate but this is perfect for anyone who wants all those advantages but without the preparation time. This substrate is nice and soft for your turtle while also being able to hold a high level of moisture.

It will look great in your turtle’s habitat and it also has a fairly pleasant smell to it. All of this comes at excellent value for money, especially considering how easy it is to clean. It’s impaction safe and the two 8 quart bags will be able to go a long way in giving your turtles the perfect habitat.

What we liked

  • Pleasant smell
  • Nice and soft
  • Hold moisture well
  • Two 8 quart bags
  • Excellent value for money
  • Easy to clean
  • Impaction safe
  • Looks good

What we didn’t like

  • Some delivery issues
  • Average customer service

Zoo Med Forest Floor Bedding

If you need to fill a large area then this Zoo Med forest floor bedding would be ideal. The natural cypress mulch is perfect for land-dwelling turtles. It can retain a high level of moisture for the right humidity and they’ll also be able to burrow their way underneath it.

It comes at a great price and there are a range of different sizes available to you. Cleaning is fairly simple and the substrate isn’t too messy to use. It sometimes arrives wet which can be a little annoying but it’s otherwise great to use and looks great too.

What we liked

  • Natural cypress mulch
  • Retains moisture
  • Good for burrowing
  • Ideal for box turtles
  • Great price
  • Not too dirty
  • Range of buying options
  • Easy to spot clean

What we didn’t like

  • Sometimes arrives wet
  • Can attract bugs

Caribsea Super Naturals Aquarium Sand

If you have an aquatic turtle then this sand will be the perfect substrate. It looks brilliant and there is a range of buying options to get exactly what you need. The only thing to note is that it does require a lot of rinsing before you put it into the tank as otherwise, it will cause a lot of clouding.

The sand itself is easy to clean and maintenance is going to be minimal. It’s great for burrowing and your turtles are going to love being able to dig it up. Added to these qualities is that it is also great for those who want to add plants to their substrate. It’s ideal for those looking for a sand option.

What we liked

  • Range of buying options
  • Beautiful color
  • Easy to clean
  • Great for burrowing
  • Turtles love digging it up
  • Incredibly soft
  • Good for plants
  • High quantity

What we didn’t like

  • Requires rinsing
  • Can cause clouding

Exo Terra Coco Husk

Here we see another brilliant option for those land-dwelling turtles. It’s excellent at being able to increase the humidity to give your turtles the healthiest possible habitat. It’s also bug-resistant and you won’t have to worry about those little critters.

Another great feature of this substrate is just how easy it is to clean. It won’t develop any mold and will allow you to create a comfortable environment. It’s ideal for burrowing and will also give them stimulation. It does require a little preparation time but that’s a small price to pay for this quality substrate.

What we liked

  • Increases humidity
  • Bug-resistant
  • Mold free
  • Easy to clean
  • No bad smells
  • High moisture retention
  • Ideal for burrowing
  • Stimulating for turtles

What we didn’t like

  • Preparation time
  • Can be a bit messy

Exo Terra Plantation Soil

Exo Terra has also been able to make this exceptional plantation soil. It’s completely natural and another substrate that will be able to add humidity to their habitat. It will also be suitable for live plants and allow you to create both a healthy and beautiful environment.

It can be a little messy and you will need to expand it. That ability to expand, however, makes it great for storage and is ideal for those who like to bulk-buy substrate. This soil can also be mixed with sand if you wish and is ideal for any turtles that love to burrow.

What we liked

  • 100% natural
  • Great at adding humidity
  • Ideal for burrowing
  • Suitable for live plants
  • High value for money
  • Mixes well with sand
  • Impressive expansion
  • Ideal for bulk buying

What we didn’t like

  • A little messy
  • Requires expansion

Reptile Sciences Terrarium Sand

An important aspect of sand is that it doesn’t cause your turtle any harm should it get into their system. It’s a feature you get here as this sand is easily digestible. As well as the high level of safety, there are plenty of other features to love with this substrate sand.

The sand is great for a range of different turtles and has a natural look that would look great in any habitat. It’s easy to use and comes in a large 10-pound bag. The packaging isn’t the best but that’s only a minor issue on an otherwise brilliant product.

What we liked

  • Digestible with no abrasions
  • Natural look
  • Ideal for basking
  • Easy to use
  • Great price
  • Large 10-pound bag
  • Safe to use
  • Versatile for a range of turtles

What we didn’t like

  • Average packaging
  • A little gritty

Seachem Flourite Black Clay Gravel

Small pieces of gravel are often not suitable for turtles but they’ll have no interest in this Flourite black clay gravel. It’s perfect for anyone who wants to have plants in their habitat as it will allow them to thrive. It does require come pre-cleaning and there may be some initial clouding issues.

The gravel is non-toxic and will allow friendly bacteria to thrive. The dark gravel makes a stylish change from the lighter substrates you often see. This can be easily cleaned and will settle quickly. It’s the perfect option for anyone looking to introduce plant life.

What we liked

  • Perfect for plants
  • Non-toxic
  • Turtles don’t eat it
  • Allows friendly bacteria
  • Settles quickly
  • Stylish dark look
  • Easily cleaned
  • Range of buying options

What we didn’t like

  • Needs pre-cleaning
  • Initial clouding

Imagitarium Turtle Terrain Tiger Stripe Rocks

The final substrate we look at here is another great rock solution. It comes in a large 20lbs bag and the rocks are large, rounded and safe to use. They are also easy to clean, meaning that maintenance is going to be minimal.

The stones help to give it a beautiful natural look. Some people have complained that the rocks are too big but most uses love them, especially considering they are too big to swallow. They can initially cloud the water but will soon settle into any tank.

What we liked

  • Large 20lbs bag
  • Gives a natural look
  • Rounded and safe
  • Far too big for swallowing
  • Low maintenance
  • Easy to clean
  • Strong packaging
  • Beautiful finish

What we didn’t like

  • Can cloud the water
  • Too big for some

Best Turtle Substrate – FAQs

What is the best substrate for turtles?

The answer to this question will depend on the type of turtle you have and the habitat you’re looking to create. Sand, gravel, bark and natural fibers are all common substrates that are perfect in different environments.

Do I need substrate?

For aquatic turtles, substrate isn’t a definite requirement and some people prefer to have a clear bottom. While this is fine, it doesn’t look great or very natural. The likes of sand or bark are important for turtles that love to burrow. Substrate can also be important if you want to have live plants in your tank.

Best substrate for land turtles?

For land-dwelling turtles, you want a substrate that is natural, safe and easy to change. The likes of coconut fibers and bark are perfect. These are easy to clean while being able to keep humidity high. Soil can be used but can be harder to change over and clean.

Best substrate for aquatic turtles?

Some like to have a clear bottom on their tank but if you want substrate, there are some great options out there. The two main ones are sand or rock. It’s important that it is safe for your turtles and it helps if it’s easy to clean. For an out of water area, you can use bark, fibers or sand.

Is sand a good substrate for turtles?

Sand is a great substrate for aquatic turtles and can be used for land-dwelling turtles as a basking area. Also, the likes of soft-shell turtles love to dig and burrow themselves into it. It’s best to have fine sand that is going to be soft enough for them and isn’t dangerous if it happens to be ingested.

What do turtles like in their tank?

The answer to this question will depend on what type of turtle you have. If it likes digging and burrowing then it will most likely want something fine and easy to move such as sand, bark or fibers. Many aquatic turtles won’t pay much attention to the type of substrate you have.

Will my turtle eat gravel?

One of the biggest dangers with substrate is your turtle digesting it. It can often mistake rocks for food. Due to this, you should have substrate that is either too large for them to eat or is safe for them to digest. The worst thing is small pieces of hard gravel as this is most likely to cause them a serious issue.


How Much Does A Tortoise Cost?

Choosing a tortoise over other animals as a pet may seem like a wise decision. They are calm, docile, and can adjust in small spaces. However, that doesn’t mean that anyone can own pet a tortoise. Why? Because one needs to consider the cost of maintenance among other important factors of owning these awesome pets. 

Tortoises are wild creatures, and their natural habitat is very different from our living spaces. Their natural habitat not only makes a good home but also helps them meet their health and nutritional needs. 
So to provide them with a sustainable life, you have to consider all the factors of well-being such as space, health, food, and nutrition. Doing so can take a lot of effort and at the same time, burn a hole in your pocket. 
To help you understand better, we have combined a list of expenses that you can incur while keeping a tortoise as a pet. 

How much does it cost to house a tortoise 


Tortoises have several species, and their price can start from $50 and can go up to $1000. The price of a terrapin depends on the breed, age, and how or where do you buy them from. 


The age of a tortoise can influence its price to a great extent. You can buy a baby tortoise for $50, but the older tortoises tend to be more costly and can go up to thousands. This price difference is due to the higher chances of health complications that occur in hatchlings. Whereas, older tortoises have a developed immune system that keeps them safe. 


When it comes to the different breeds of terrapins, there are a lot of things that can affect the price. Here are some of the basic ones. 

  • Availability: If you are planning to buy a common tortoise that is readily available among captive breeders or at a local pet store such as a Hermann’s Tortoise the price will be at the lower range. On the other hand, breeds like Indian Star and Russian Tortoises are hard to find and have to be imported. Therefore they have a higher price. 
  • Aesthetic appeal: Most of the time people choose tortoises that look beautiful and can be a great addition to their house. Which is why, Red-Footed, Indian Star, and Leopard Tortoises are among the costly finds owing to their high demand. 
  • Life expectancy: While searching for a tortoise, at times people look for breeds that live an exceedingly long life. This hardly makes sense, as there is a fair chance that the tortoise could outlive the person buying it, and then it would be passed on to someone else. But, people still purchase such long-living tortoises out of sheer fascination that eventually fades away. 

Where you buy the tortoise from:

There are different ways to buy a tortoise. The easiest way to get one is by purchasing them from a pet store. Pet stores can be an ideal place to buy a tortoise as you can also purchase the essential things that are required for their well being as well. 
If you are looking for an exotic and imported tortoise, you can look for breeders who foster such tortoises in captivity. There are chances that you might find a private seller who wants to pass on the tortoise or sell at a lower price. 

Price of tortoises: 

As mentioned above, the price of a tortoise depends mainly on their breed. Here is a list of tortoise breeds and how much they can cost. 

  • Hermann’s tortoise: The Hermann’s Tortoise is the cheapest tortoise breed that you can buy from anywhere. Its hatchlings can cost you around $130-$170 while adults come with a hefty price tag of $500-$600. 
  • Cherry-head Red-Footed Tortoise: These are brightly-colored subspecies of the red-footed tortoise that are common in the forest regions of Brazil. The cherry-heads are a little more pricey as compared to the regular red-footed tortoise. A simple hatchling of a cherry head tortoise costs between $140-$170. You can get an adult tortoise for $500. 
  • Elongated Tortoise: These tortoises are found in the forests of Southeast Asia and even some parts of India. The hatchlings of Elongated Tortoise costs between $120-$140, and the adults can cost you around $250. 
  • Sulcata Tortoise/ African Spurred Tortoise: This is the third-largest tortoise in the world and is very docile. They are a great pet alternative and low maintenance. A Sulcata’s hatchling can cost you around $50-$100, but the adults can cost you a whopping $1,500-$2000. 
  • Greek Tortoise/Spur-Thighed Tortoise: Greek tortoises are small in size, even as adults they are not as big as the other options on this list. Their low maintenance nature makes them perfect for beginners. A Greek Tortoise’s hatchling can cost you around $50-$250. Since they are hard to find, adults can cost you in thousands. 
  • Leopard Tortoise: These tortoises are famous for their leopard spot markings on their shells, and they are named due to the same trait. The hatchling of a Leopard Tortoise can cost you around $160-$190. An adult Leopard Tortoise can cost you as high as $2000. 
  • Indian Star Tortoise: The Indian Star Tortoise is a widely coveted species around the world. Owing to the beautiful shell marking these terrapins make a pleasing spectacle. A hatchling of the Indian Star Tortoise can cost around $250-$400, and the adults cost around $2,200. 
  • Aldabra Giant Tortoise: These are the second largest tortoises in the world, and they are known to live for more than 150 years. Aldabras are famous for their beautiful jet-black shells. These tortoises are extremely rare, and owing to their size they can be hard to breed. The hatchlings of these tortoises can cost around $1,000-$2,500. On the other hand, the adult tortoise can cost around $20,000. 
  • Pancake Tortoise: There many great things about pancake tortoise that make them fun pets. They are small in size and can fit indoors easily. Their flat shells have an unusual color pattern that makes them even more desirable. Tortoise owners prefer these terrapins due to their active nature and ability to move fast. A pancake tortoise can cost you $499-$599. 

What are the things needed for tortoise care?

Irrespective of species, when tortoises are out of their natural habitat, they need human intervention to survive. Your tortoise will depend on you for food, health, and shelter, which is why you will need the following things. 


Whether you are planning on keeping your tortoise indoors or outdoors, you need to provide them with proper shelter. Enclosures are specifically-designed tortoise tables available in the pet stores and online shopping websites. Based on the size, you can purchase one starting from $80-150. 

You can also build an enclosure by looking at the designs online and save a lot of money. It also gives you the freedom to make an enclosure that fits the dimensions of your home. The ideal size for an enclosure is 4ft by 2ft/1.2m by 0.6m with walls around 30cms high.
The tortoise will outgrow its initial enclosure unless it belongs to a smaller species.

In such a situation, a little foresight could help make things better. You can invest in a good outdoor enclosure that will provide your terrapin with space it needs to grow. 
When installing an enclosure, you will need a substrate that makes the enclosure more habitable for the terrapin. You can consider options like sterilized topsoil, coconut fiber, mulch, or a combination of all three. 
Depending on the type of substrate you choose, you will have to shell out $8-$15 per 8L bag, whereas specialized substrates get more expensive. An 8L bag of substrate easily lasts for 4-5 months. You need to remember that the more animals you keep in the enclosure, the more frequently you will have to change the substrate.

Heat and lighting: 

The cold-blooded nature of tortoises makes them unable to produce their own body heat. Therefore, they need to bask in the sun and maintain a warm body temperature that will help in growth.

When tortoises are kept indoors, they are unable to get the heat from the sun. In such scenarios, a heating lamp works best. Heating lamps are bulbs or copper coils that produce heat that is equivalent to sunlight. 
If you live in a tropical climate, you can just leave your tortoise outdoors for basking. However, you need to make sure that it is safe from predators.
Tortoise enclosures also need a UVB lamp as it helps them get vitamin D which fosters calcium metabolism and makes them healthier. You will also have to purchase a heat emitter bulb if you live in a place where the temperature falls dramatically during the night. 
A heat emitter works just like a heating bulb but does not emit any light, making sure that your tortoise gets undisturbed sleep. Though you can control the heat manually, you can get a thermostat that makes the entire heating and lighting system automatic. 
A good quality basking lamp can cost you between $10-$40. The price of the basking lamp depends on the style of the lamp and the clip style that can be used to mount it. Heat emitter bulb can cost you $6-$12, the price variation is a result of the difference in wattage. The higher the watts, the higher the price. 
You can use the same lamp to hold the UVB bulbs that you are using with basking lights. However, the UVB bulb can cost you between $12-$50 per bulb based on the amount of emission they provide. 
Heat emitters will also require lamps, as they are screwed in like the UVB bulbs and produce heat. The heat emitter bulbs can cost you $6-$15 based on the amount of wattage. 
However, if you want to save yourself from the struggles of manual heat, light, and UVB adjustments, you can opt for a thermostat which will cost you around $20-60 depending on the model and the amount of control.
To sum it all, a good quality lighting and heating system for your tortoise, requires an investment of $75-$250. You can try products from different price ranges with varying capacities to save money or you can choose a bundle of products. 
If you have a large enclosure or have one or more tortoises, you will need more such equipment which can result in a higher cost. Moreover, you will also have to replace the UVB bulbs every six months, even if they still emit light. 

Dishes and optional items: 

Even when tortoises are kept in indoor enclosures they need protection from the light and other things that can cause them discomfort. To help your terrapin friend in this situation, you can buy a hide which is a form of shelter that can be placed in your tortoise’s terrarium. 

Depending on the material and size, a simple hide can cost you between $10-$40. There hides that feature built-in hygrometers and thermometers, that let you monitor the heat conditions of your tortoises’ hide. 
If you are on a tight budget and don’t mind improvising, you can use old pots, plastic boxes, and other containers to create a hide. The only thing you need to keep in mind is that the opening of the tortoise should be wide enough for your tortoise to fit. 
Food and water dishes are other essential things that need to be in your tortoises’ enclosure. These dishes keep the food and water from mixing in the substrate and prevent infection. There are different types of food and water dishes available in the market. You can buy one for your tortoise for $3-$10. You can get automatic feeders to avoid refilling the dishes every time. They work best with dry food like pellets and sticks. 
Food dishes and hide might not be enough to make your terrapin feel at home. You will have to add more items in the enclosure such as fake plants, basking platforms, and decorative items that you tortoise can play with or interact with. 
The price of decoration items depends on factors like size, material, quality, and usability. They can range between $5-$20.


All the bulbs and the lights need electricity to run and most importantly they have to run all day. All of this will surely impact your power bill by $10-$13 a month per bulb. You can turn them off in the night and keep just the heater on when the weather gets too cold.

You can also use an efficient thermostat that turns these systems on when there is a drop in the temperature. 


Food is one of the necessities that are crucial for your tortoises. Buying tortoise food may seem expensive but is quite affordable when compared to other animals. Normally, a tortoise’s one month’s food supply can cost about $20. 

It can extend a little more by $10 or $20 monthly per tortoise if you add calcium and vitamins. 
As the tortoise grows bigger, it will need more food. Since you can keep feeding them all day, you can opt to keep them outdoors where they can eat weed and grass to quench their hunger. With lesser feeding frequency, you can save a lot of money. 
The type of food you have to feed your tortoise varies according to the environmental conditions they face in the wild. Terrapins like Sulcata, The Greek Tortoises, and other Mediterranean species that are known to live in arid climates prefer eating weed and leafy vegetables. 
They shouldn’t be fed fruits quite often as too much sugar can damage their kidneys. You can feed them fruits once a year as treats. 
Elongated tortoise and Red-Footed tortoises are known to live in forests and since their natural habitat consists of fruits, you can feed them fruits once in 2 weeks. Most tortoise owners feed them fruits as a staple. 
They are also known to eat meat 1-2 months. Their worm diet includes mealworms and other feeder insects. Due to this mixed diet, feeding forest and desert-dwelling tortoises are more expensive. 

Medical Care:

This is one of the important and essential expenses that a tortoise owner has to bear. The initial veterinary checkup can cost you around $120 per tortoise. And, the annual visits can cost you between $80 to $120. 

These expenses can increase by at least $100 to $250 if some essential treatments are required, as they may require a lot of lab tests. 
In instances, where your tortoise faces life-threatening situations, such as shell cracks or any severe injury, you might have to pay for surgeries, which can cost more than $4,000 or more. 


A pet is a lifetime commitment and should be treated with proper care. The expenses can be thought of as an investment for the well-being of your lovely companion. It is also important to choose the tortoise according to your ability to provide it with essential care. 
I hope the above information has helped you learn about the expenses of housing a tortoise. If you have any queries or suggestions, you can write them in the comments. 


Understanding Tortoise Lifespans

Among the many amazing characteristics that tortoises share, the one that sets them apart is their age. Tortoises are known to live longer than most animals on the planet, some even reach the age of 200 years. 

But, the ability to live long is not common among terrapins, it depends on the species of the tortoise. Sometimes, the living conditions can also play a crucial role in the life expectancy of the tortoise.
To give you a clearer picture of the variation in the lifespan of different tortoises, we have prepared a list that combines terrapins of different species and their average lifespans. 

Tortoises and their lifespans: 

Sulcata (African Spurred) Tortoise: (70-80 years)

Some tortoises are not only famous for their long life but also their huge size, Sulcatas are one of them. These tortoises are also known as African Spurred tortoises and are the third largest tortoise species.

Sulcatas are also the most common large breed tortoises that are kept in captivity. 
With basic care, the Sulcatas can live for 70 years, but if you provide them with the right nutrition and living conditions, they can even surpass 80 years. 
The best thing about this breed is they are pretty strong and low maintenance. They eat the grass that grows around their home and do not hibernate. Sulcatas are recommended to beginners who are looking to adopt large-sized tortoises. 
Even though Sulcatas are low maintenance, there are some important things you need to take into consideration before bringing them home. 
They need large spaces to live, so unless you have a sizable backyard, bringing a Sulcata tortoise might not be a good idea. They are docile tortoises but can get ravenous when it comes to biting or clawing things.
A Sulcata named ‘Jonathan’ was the oldest and the most famous one to ever live. He was born circa 1832 and turned 187 years old in 2019. 

Hermann’s Tortoise: (50-60 years)

Hermann’s Tortoise is a type of mediterranean tortoise that typically originates from the rocky hillsides and oak & beech forests of Mediterranean Europe. They are highly preferred by tortoise lovers, as they are excellent at adapting to any environment. 

They can live up to 50-60 years in basic conditions, but with proper care, they can live much longer. One particular Hermann’s tortoise lived for 110 years in captivity in the UK. 
Hermann’s Tortoises are also famous for their commendable beauty. They have a yellow and brown carapace with thick scales and short legs. Moreover, they have a calm temperament that also makes them safer. 
It is easy to care for these tortoises, but we recommend that you keep them outdoors. These terrapins love to run, dig, and forage. They don’t like to be handled and prefer staying on the ground. 
These tortoises have a simple diet that includes leafy greens and grasses. You can also supplement it with broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, and carrots, apples, apricots, and more. 
The oldest Hermann’s tortoise was named ‘Thomas’ who lived between c.1882 – 2013 (130 years old). 

Russian Tortoise: (100 years)

Russian tortoises are also known as Afghan tortoises, and they are famous for lifespans, that can go up to 100 years. These terrapins are very popular among tortoise lovers as they are strong and make great house pets. 

Earlier Russian Tortoises had to be imported from Russia, but with efficient captive breeding, they are readily available around the world. 
It is recommended to keep Russian Tortoise outdoors only if you can spare sufficient space indoors. You can keep them in enclosures that are at least 2 feet by 4 feet and have 12-inches walls. 
Russian tortoises are notorious burrowers, and with their sharp claws, they can burrow into almost anything. So, if you are planning to keep them indoors, you need to keep their enclosure away from the walls and fill it with the substrate. 
They are more active as compared to other tortoises and eat everything they find. Russian tortoises are herbivorous and enjoy eating leafy green vegetables. Additionally, they also eat garden grass and flowers like dandelions. 
These tortoises are very active and can be a great source of entertainment. 
Owing to their adaptive nature, they can bear high temperatures and can be an ideal alternative for beginners. 

Greek Spur Thigh Tortoise: (100 years)

Greek Tortoise belongs to the Testudinidae species of the tortoise family. They are one of the five species of the mediterranean tortoise. These tortoises are also known as spur-thighed tortoises, and they are famous for their long life.  

In the wild, Greek Spur Thigh Tortoise can live for 100 years or more. However, when bred in captivity and the right conditions, they can live for more than 50 years. 
These tortoises originate from Greece and Turkey, but they are now commonly found in the regions of North Africa, Southern Europe, and Southwest Asia. The size and age of these tortoises also depend on the regions they come from. 
They have a brownish-yellow carapace with spots that grow darker as they age. There are sharp claws on their hands and feet that help them with digging the ground and substrate.

The Greek Spur Thigh Tortoise can grow up to a size of 30 cm and weigh around 6kgs.
Greek spur thigh tortoises have an omnivorous diet. In the wild, these tortoises feed on grass and flowers, but to meet their protein requirements, they also eat mollusks and small insects. When housed as a pet, you can feed them leafy vegetables with some fruits.

The oldest Spur Thigh Tortoise to ever live was a female terrapin named Timothy. She lived from c.1844 – 2004 (160 years). She was named Timothy as people not able to determine the gender of the terrapins in the 18th Century.  

Red Footed Tortoise: (30-50 years)

These tortoises are known for their commendable beauty and their incredible red-colored foot. The Red-Footed Tortoise originated from northern parts of South America. They are closely related to the yellow-footed tortoise found in the Amazon basin. 

Due to over-collection, the Red-Footed tortoises have reached near extinction. 
Red-Footed Tortoises come at an affordable price, and they are relatively easy to manage. With basic care and a healthy diet, these terrapins can live up to 50 years. 
These tortoises can be kept both indoors and outdoors. However, the diet for both environments differs massively. When they are kept outdoors, they can find bugs, flies, and small mice to meet their protein intake and hence should be fed only vegetables and fruits. 
When indoors they need some amount of help for growth and health. You need to create an environment that is similar to their natural habitat in the terrarium. The temperature should be kept at 27 to 30 °C (81 to 86 °F). 
Apart from the temperature setting, you need to create a basking area that will help with digestion and other bodily functions. The terrarium should have a UVB light too that can help metabolize calcium and make their bones stronger. 

Indian Star Tortoise: (80 years)

The Indian Star Tortoise is preferred widely due to its unique patterned shell that has a star-like shape. These tortoises are found in the dry areas of India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Due to its high demand all over the world, these terrapins have reached a point of extinction. 

Indian Star Tortoises are known to live for 80 years in ideal conditions, but with basic conditions and minimal they can live for 30-55 years.
These tortoises prefer living outdoors and can adapt to the different types of climatic conditions. They are not territorial and socialize well with other terrapins, and owing to their small size you can keep several of them at once. 
Indian Star Tortoise doesn’t like being handled and can fall ill. Therefore, it is advised to keep them away from children. They rarely bite anyone but often nip things that look or smell like food. 
To keep them safe, you will need an enclosure that protects them from kids and other animals. Moreover, caring for the Indian Star Tortoise might need some efforts such as creating a basking spot, fixing a UVB light, and a humidity monitor.
Indian Star Tortoise belongs to the herbivore class and can be fed fruits and vegetables regularly. You can feed them timothy hay, Bermuda grass, orchard grass, ryegrass, alfalfa, and fescue.

Leopard Tortoise: (100+ years)

Leopard tortoises are the most attractive type of tortoise that you can get your hands on. These terrapins have large spots like leopards on their shell, and they are found in the Savannah of eastern and southern Africa. 

In the right condition and basic care, these terrapins can easily reach a mark of 100 years. If they are provided with the best care they can reach the age of 125 years or more.
They are the fourth largest tortoise species in the world. An adult Leopard Tortoise can reach a length of 16 inches and weigh 13 kgs. Some specimens in the northern regions are known to reach a height of 28 inches and can weigh up to 40kgs. 
Leopard tortoises have a high dome-shaped carapace with almost vertical sides. The juveniles and young adults have black spots, even dashes on a yellow background. In mature adults, the marking turns brown or grey after reaching a certain age. 
They have a herbivorous diet that consists of forbs, thistles, grasses, and succulents when they are in the wild. You can feed them with green vegetables and fruits to help them get the essential nutrients. 
Owing to their large size, Leopard tortoises are normally bred outdoors. This also helps them to get sunlight and UVB light for better health. To protect them from harsh weather, tortoise owners keep them in pens and enclosures that are modified according to their needs. 

Pancake Tortoise: (25-30 years)

The tortoise gets its name due to the shape of its shell that is round and flat. A Pancake Tortoise’s shell can grow up to 7 inches in length and is soft as compared to other terrapins. These tortoises are famous for their fast and active behavior which makes them fun pets. 

Pancake tortoises live fairly well in all kinds of conditions. Their lifespan depends on the kind of environment they get. For instance, in the wild where they have access to sunlight, food, and large spaces they can reach their maximum age of 30 years. 
They look very attractive even with their unusual shaped shell. The top shell is brown with a variable pattern of dark lines on both sides of the scute. Whereas, the plastron is pale yellow with dark brown seams and light yellow rays. While the head, limbs, and tails are yellow-brown. 
Just like most tortoises, pancake tortoises have an herbivorous nature. In the wild, they eat grass, berries, and other small plants. When housed indoors they can be fed with fruits, vegetables, and succulents like aloe vera. 
Due to their unusual looks and active behavior Pancake tortoises are the most sought after tortoises. It has also led to their extinction in the wild. 

Galapagos Tortoise: (80-100 years)

The Galapagos tortoises are famous for their huge size and long life. They are also the largest tortoise species in the world and they are found on the Galapagos Islands and the Aldabrachelys gigantea of Aldabra. 

They were once close to extinction but with careful breeding, their numbers have risen in recent years. Under favorable conditions, they can live for 100 years but with basic care, their lifespan can limit to 80 years. 
Their humongous size makes them weigh around 400kgs. Naturalist Charles Darwin described these tortoises as “These animals grow to an immense size … several so large that it required six or eight men to lift them from the ground.”
The shell shape of the Galapagos tortoise tells a lot about the biogeographic history of the species group. There are two types of carapaces, ‘Saddleback’ and ‘Domed’. When a saddleback tortoise removes its head and forelimbs from the shell, it shows a large unprotected gap over the neck. 
They are cold-blooded and need 1-2 hours of basking after dawn to absorb the sun’s heat through their dark shells. The Galapagos tortoises rest in mud wallows or rain-formed pools, for a thermoregulatory response and to protect them from parasites. 
The oldest known Galapagos tortoise was named ‘Lonesome George’ who lived from 1910 – 2012.  

Aldabra Giant Tortoise: (100-250 years)

These are the only species of terrapins that have crossed the age number count in centuries. Aldabra giant tortoises are also the largest in the world. They were historically found on the islands of the Indian Ocean, Madagascar, and there are traces of their existence in Australia and Antarctica.

Aldabra tortoises are strong and can withstand numerous adversities. With basic care, they can live for 100 years and with ideal conditions, they can live for around 250 years. 
They have a brown or tan color carapace that is high and has a domed shape. The heavily scaled and stocky legs support the body of the tortoise. It has a very long neck that is greater than its body. This helps the tortoise to reach tree branches that are as high as a meter for food. 
The size of the Aldabra tortoise makes them highly unsuitable for indoor housing. They are raised on special grazing pastures that are known as tortoise turf that comprise 20+ species of grasses and herbs. 
An Aldabra Giant Tortoise named Adwaita is known as the longest tortoise that ever lived i.e. 250 years. He was born around the year 1750 and was brought to India as a gift to Lord Clive. Adwaita died in the year 2006 due to infection and liver failure. 

Why do tortoises live for so long?

The gift of long life that these tortoises possess has caught the fancy of many experts and tortoise breeders. But, there is no particular explanation that can justify their ability of long existence, however, there are known contributing factors that extend the life of these tortoises. 

Slow Growth: 

One of the many reasons that contribute to their long life is their slowness. Turtles grow very slowly throughout their lives, this prevents them from aging the same way birds and mammals do. 
Their slow metabolism enables them to survive long stretches without food or water giving them a greater chance of survival in harsh conditions. 


Effective reproduction is an evolutionary advantage that aids their long life. Wild Tortoises tend to live in harsh environments that help them to breed easily. Their extensive lifespan gives them more opportunities to procreate. 
Tortoises are also protected by their thick and tough shells. This shell works like an armor, that protects them from becoming prey and gives them the luxury of being able to take their time reproducing.


The Galapagos tortoises are the longest living tortoise species, and their diet contains strict vegetarian food that is full of greens and is free of fat and cholesterol. They move very slowly and gently. Galapagos tortoises are docile and peace-loving creatures and live a stress-free life.  


The lifespan of tortoises does make them special, but you need to provide them with care and protection to help them reach there. You have to understand their nature and take measures that are suitable for them.

We hope you enjoyed our guide to the life span of Tortoises, if you have any questions regarding this article please be sure to reach out in the comments below.

If you did enjoy it we hope you will check out some of our others such as our guide to the best tortoise enclosure.


What to Do When Your Tortoise lays eggs?

Pets are amazing companions as they make life quite interesting with their habits and abilities. They can also surprise you at times by doing things that might not seem normal to you but are a part of their nature. 

Most of the time such things happen with tortoise owners. Tortoises are not as vocal as other pet animals which makes them even more mysterious. They are known for doing many strange things like hibernation, frantic clawing, basking, while the most surprising one is laying eggs. 

Table of contents
2.Understand how and when do tortoises lay eggs
3.What to do when your tortoise lays eggs?
4.How do tortoises hatch?
5.What to do when tortoises hatch?
6. Conclusion

This may not be new for people who have been raising tortoises for quite a long time, but it might be unusual for first-time owners.

If you belong to the first category, you probably have a fair idea of what needs to be done. But, if you belong to the second category or if you are seeing this phenomenon for the first time, here’s how you can deal with it. 

Understand how and when do tortoises lay eggs?

If you don’t know much about tortoises, apart from being amphibians, they are oviparous reptiles. It means they have a reproduction system that involves mating, but they lay eggs to give birth. These eggs hatch after a few days or weeks to give birth to little tortoise babies called ‘hatchlings’.

In the wild, tortoises mate by the age of 14 to 15 years, but when they are raised in captivity, they tend to mate at a younger age which can at times be as low as 4 to 5 years. 
The number of eggs depends on factors like age and species of the terrapin. Some tortoises lay around 1-2 eggs, while others can lay more than 20 eggs. Usually, the females lay eggs in the night due to the cold temperature and to protect them from other animals. 
The female tortoises don’t necessarily start laying eggs soon after the mating. Some females can keep the sperm of the males within them for weeks or even months and self impregnate themselves when they find the conditions favorable enough. 
Now that you have sufficient information about the reproduction and birth process of tortoises let move on to the big question.

What to do when your tortoise lays eggs?

Let’s say you woke up to find a clutch of eggs that your tortoise laid last night, what will you do? While we strongly recommend you against throwing them away. You can wait till the eggs hatch and meanwhile make the incubation process easier. Here is how you can do it. 

Recover the eggs: 

Once your tortoise has finished laying the eggs, open the nest carefully or move her aside to retrieve the eggs. Uncover the eggs delicately with a soft paintbrush. There are chances that your tortoise might have dug a hole to keep the eggs safe. 
If the eggs are covered in wet mud, you need to dig them out with a spoon, paintbrush, or any other utensil. There are chances that the eggs may get stuck in the mud in such a situation, you have to proceed with caution to remove the eggs without breaking them. 
Once you have removed all the eggs from the nest, mark them with a cross or number. As turning the egg upside down can kill the embryo when it is in the developing stage, the pencil mark made will keep you from doing so. 

Incubate them: 

Incubation is a process that involves nurturing the tortoise eggs until they hatch. The process is elaborate and requires some extra efforts along with keen observation. You will need an incubation box that mimics the climatic conditions of the wild and fosters growth in the eggs.

The process of incubation combines factors like heat, humidity, and safety. To make sure that you properly incubate the eggs, you need to consider the species of your tortoise and get or make a good quality incubator. 

What is an incubator? 

Tortoise eggs are very different from the eggs of snakes and lizards and hence need different climate conditions to hatch. They need very high humidity to hatch, but any kind of direct contact with moisture can be dangerous. 
An incubator will keep the egg safe and provide them with the ideal environment for hatching. You can use an old cupboard or a box as an incubator. It is advised that you keep checking the eggs frequently, with quick looks every day and a thorough scan every week. 

Types of incubators and their efficiency: 

There are many types of incubators available in the market, they come with distinctive features that make the incubation process easier. We have analyzed the different types of incubators to identify their best use and suitability for tortoises. 

  • Tropical Fish Tank: These types of tanks come with a vermiculite substrate that lets you bury the eggs and keeps them from toppling over. They are usually small containers that float in the warm water. 

These types of tanks are suitable for soft-shelled eggs. But, if you increase the temperature to the highest point, the humidity levels will increase too and will make the tank unsuitable for Mediterranean tortoise eggs.

  • The light bulb method: In these types of incubators the eggs are buried entirely in the moist vermiculite. To provide the required amount of heat to the terrapin. This may seem like a suitable method, but due to the temperature fluctuations, it is highly unreliable. 
  • The Airing Cupboard: This method involves a hot water tank that provides heat to the eggs while the humidity is maintained using wet towels. However, many tortoise owners advise against this method as temperature fluctuations that can make the tank unsafe for the eggs.
  • Heated seed propagator: If you are looking for a reliable incubator for your tortoise’s eggs, then you need to try the Heated Seed Propagator. It comes with a built-in thermostat that allows little fluctuation but if the incubator is kept in a centrally heated room with stable air temperature, it can deliver exceptional performance. 

The eggs have to be buried in half in the vermiculite within the incubator along with small bowls of water placed alongside. You can increase or reduce the number of bowls to control moisture in the tank. 
Only bus seed propagators come with adjustable heat control while others have a factory pre-set temperature setting that is primarily beneficial for seedlings. However, the pre-set temperature might not be suitable for some tortoises. 

  • Shop-bought incubator: These incubators are stellar examples of reliability and performance. Many companies have now started manufacturing incubators for reptiles at an affordable price. 

They come with full temperature control that can be reduced to 0.5°c and provide precise humidity control with self-contained water pockets. 
To get the best results, you have to purchase a “still air” bird egg incubator as they are more suitable for reptiles than “forced air” incubators. The eggs have to be placed half-submerged in the vermiculite.
With the adjustable temperature feature, you can maintain a constant temperature. The water bowls and pockets, you can adjust the humidity around 50-90%. We advise you not to touch the eggs unless they have turned infertile. 

  • It can be hard to determine the fertility of the egg just from its appearance. You can use traditional methods like egg candling or weighing.
  • If you are unaware of the obvious signs of infertile eggs, you need to look for discoloration, imploding, or any one of them has started to smell. 

DIY Incubator for land tortoise: 

While the incubator creates an ideal environment for the eggs, you will need an egg box that will keep the eggs safe and from tumbling around. You can use a small airtight container that fits in the incubator. 

You will need a second tub that is smaller and can fit inside the incubator easily with a half-inch gap on the sides and to the lid. 
Fill the smaller tub ¾ full with chemical-free sand, and in this sand, make small indents to place the eggs to reduce the risk of turning.

Then place the small tub in the center of the large tub leaving a gap around the edge and then fill the gap with some water. 

This gap is going to contain all the water that will evaporate gradually and maintain humidity. Close the lid and keep the box in the incubator to start the incubation process.
You don’t have to take the lid off frequently, as it can affect the humidity or heat in the egg box. If the water evaporates and reduces over time, you can add lukewarm water in the container. Try to keep the water at ½ and ¼ level all the time for maximum humidity. 

DIY Incubator for Box and water turtles: 

If you don’t have a dedicated incubator, you can make one yourself by placing the eggs on a substrate that is made of moistened vermiculite, sphagnum moss, and damp paper towels have all been used with success. You can place the substrate in a box such as a plastic shoebox or plastic margarine tubs. 
To give the eggs a more habitable environment, you can make an incubator using a cupboard that has a heat source next to it. You also need to check the eggs regularly to make sure that the substrate is damp and provides the required amount of moisture to the eggs. 

Incubation period: 

It is necessary to know the right incubation process for the eggs, or you may end up removing them too soon. You need to understand that the incubation period varies according to the species of the tortoise. 
Generally, the incubation period ranges from 50-150 days. Most of the tortoise species tend to hatch faster than in warmer conditions. You might be thinking that incubating eggs at a higher temperature can get them to hatch sooner, but this is not the case.

Egg’s health: 

When incubating the eggs, there are chances that some of them won’t survive. The eggs are usually plump as long the humidity level is at the perfect point. When the humidity starts to drop, the eggs will slump a little and get shriveled. 
Another thing that you need to look for in the eggs is discoloration. Eggs tend to lose color and turn dark when they perish. It is recommended that you keep the perished eggs away from the rest of the clutch before disposing of them. 


The temperature for incubation of the eggs varies according to the species. Eggs of Mediterranean tortoises survive only if they get a temperature of 25 to 35 degrees Celsius. If the temperature goes below 25 degrees or above 35 degrees Celsius, the risk of eggs dying is higher due to loss of moisture. 
Most of the time, temperature fluctuation can cause malformation and early deaths in hatchlings. The safest temperature to incubate the eggs is a steady 30 degrees celsius. If you wish to hatch a particular group of eggs for instance, if you want the hatchlings to be all males, you can keep the temperature below 30 degrees celsius. 


Humidity plays an important role during the entire incubation cycle. Eggs need 50-60% percent humidity to develop the embryo. Moreover, fluctuations in the humidity level will not harm the eggs. However, maintaining the temperature around the recommended percentage is necessary. 
If the humidity level drops below 50% the insides of the egg will dry out. Moreover, if the humidity level crosses 90% the contents would drown by absorbing too much water.

We recommend you keep the humidity level at 75% which is easy to achieve and maintain.
All you have to do is add or remove the water from the incubator accordingly. If you wish to take a more careful approach, you can get a digital temperature and humidity probes for accurate readings. 
To make it simple, you can follow the humidity methods to give the right amount of humidity to your tortoise’s eggs. There are two types of humidity methods such as high humidity and low humidity which are suited for the eggs of the tortoise of different types. 

Low Humidity Methods:

If you have a tortoise that belongs to the category of terrapins that dwell in the dry regions and have a highly terrestrial nature, you can expect the eggs to be hard-shelled. Here are some of the ways that you can use to incubate the eggs. 

  • Bird egg incubators: Bird breeders are known to incubate eggs of the different birds so that they can sell them when they hatch. The eggs of tortoises and birds have similar shell thickness which makes these incubators an ideal option. 

These incubators come with thermostats that can enable you to manage the temperature and make sure the eggs get the perfect environment throughout the incubation period. 

  • It is not necessary to incubate the eggs using an incubator. You can use a simple incubation set-up as mentioned above to nurture the eggs.

High Humidity Methods:

If you have box and water turtles, you can incubate the eggs using numerous ways. However, there are some important things that you need to keep in mind. 

  • While the shells of these tortoises can be hard or soft based on their species. We recommend that you don’t shake, rotate, or turn the eggs. Doing so can damage the embryo or even kill the hatchling. 
  • As mentioned above the temperature in the incubator plays an important role in the egg’s care. To hatch the eggs of a box or water turtles you need to keep the temperature of the incubator at 27° C. 
  • Most importantly, the humidity of the incubator needs to be set to a point that can keep the shell and embryo intact. For such terrapins, we recommend that you keep the humidity to 80%. 

How do tortoises hatch? 

When baby tortoises are in the egg, they are folded in half across their plastron due to which they are round in appearance. They start to straighten when they have absorbed a sufficient amount of life-supporting yolk. 

When they reach the hatching size, their carapaces press against the eggshells that leave an imprint of their carapaces on the shells. They puncture a small hole in the shells with their bony and protruded snouts which are often referred to as ‘egg tooth’. 

This hole weakens and dries out the shell which allows them to break the shell easily and emerge as hatchlings. Once the tortoises are out of their shells, the egg tooth withers away. 

Any kind of interference with the hatching process can prove fatal to the terrapin’s health. You can only interfere when the tortoise is in danger.

Some tortoises manage to break out of the shell minutes and scutter around. While others can take hours, days, and even weeks. 
It is normal for the first and the last hatchling to have a large time difference for breaking out of the shells.

What to do when tortoises hatch?

It’s not over once the hatchlings come out of their shells. Since they were nurtured in an artificial environment, there are chances that the weather outside the shell might not be suitable for them. 

Give them a lukewarm shallow bath to wash the membrane and let sit in the warm water for a few minutes. You can then put them in a terrarium that has equipment like a heating bulb, basking platform, and a UVB bulb. 


Having such a huge litter of tortoises at once can be overwhelming but with smart planning and easy care techniques it will not be tough to take care of them. You can also become a tortoise breeder and make an easy buck by selling them. 

If you enjoyed this article we hope you will check out some of our others such as our guide to the best UVB bulbs for tortoises or the best tortoise enclosure.


Best UVB bulbs for tortoises Reviewed

Indoor housed tortoises have very different kinds of needs as compared to the ones that are found in the wild. They not only depend on you for food but also other things that you might not know about. This means finding one of the best UVB bulbs for tortoises is an important factor in owning a tortoise.

As they live in a tank all-day that has a very different environment as compared to their natural habitat, they miss out on a lot of essential things that are necessary for their overall development. A UVB light is the most important one among them. 
In the wild, tortoises get UVB light directly from the sun that provides the vitamins and heat needed for bodily functions. Tortoise owners think keeping the tank near the window is a viable solution to this problem; it is not. 
Sunlight that falls on the tanks or the enclosures heats the tank, which is partially beneficial. The glass and other materials block the vitamin D3 that tortoises need for bone development. Without it, tortoises develop bone disorders such as metabolic bone disease which can be life-threatening. 
Now that you know the importance of a UVB light, it would be better if you purchase one for your terrapin’s terrarium. To help you out, we have prepared a list of the best UVB bulbs for tortoises that can help your pet terrapin to a great extent. 

Best UVB bulbs for tortoises: 

Repti Zoo Energy Saving Lamps UVB Bulb: 

Due to its commendable features and advantages, this one of the widely recommended options in the market. It provides the benefits of UVB light to your tortoise while saving a lot of energy. 

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It has a super bright light that keeps your tortoise active all day. The bulb has a durable intelligent chip that regulates the flow of electricity and keeps the power of the light constant while protecting the bulb from getting damaged. 
At an acceptable height of 10-12 inches from your tortoise, it can provide adequate UVB light that is required for the synthesis of vitamin D3 and calcium. A regulated usage of at least 6-8 hours a day can make the bulb last for a year. 
You can save a lot on energy and bulbs with this single product. Moreover, it can be used for other reptiles as well that need UVB for vitamin D3. To get the most out of this bulb, you need to make sure that it is installed properly, according to the instructions provided by the manufacturer. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 7.2 x 2.7 x 2.7 inches
  • Voltage:120V
  • Power usage: 26W


  • A great power saver 
  • Excellent brightness
  • Durable with a chip to protect against the damage from pulsating current
  • Can be used for different reptiles
  • Fits into any normal lamp socket
  • Affordable price


  • Quality degrades after a while 

Lucky Herp Reptile UVB Lamp:

There are very few products that are built to outperform and exceed the expectations of the buyers. Lucky Herp Reptile UVB Lamp belongs to this category and gives you and your tortoise a great experience. 

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It provides a stable flow of UVB radiation with a low fading rate. The bulb might get you concerned about the UVC emissions, but it falls in the range that is harmless to your tortoise.

It can be used for reptiles like sulcata tortoise, lizard, leopard gecko, and a bearded dragon. 
Lucky Herp Reptile UVB Lamp takes care of the outdoor lighting needs and provides the same benefits as the sun when kept indoors.

The lamp emits 10% UVB, and this amount is sufficient to give your tortoise the healthy amounts of vitamin D3 and calcium. It can be used as a remedy to treat metabolic bone disease as it fulfills the needs of your tortoise. 
You can use this bulb with the standard E26 sockets, giving you the benefit of convenience. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 2.36 x 2.36 x 2.04 inches
  • Voltage: 120V 
  • Power usage: 26 Watts 


  • Does not produce harmful UVC
  • Can be used with other reptiles
  • Compatible with standard lamp sockets
  • Has a stable UVB and low UVB fading rate
  • Emits 30% UVA 


  • Emits low light
  • Doesn’t warm basking area enough

Zoo Med Reptisun 10.0 Mini UVB Lamp:

This bulb gives you the dual benefit of UVB light and a heating lamp. It can help you save a lot of money on buying two different products for your terrapin. The bulb uses 13-watts power to provide heat and UVB light that makes the terrarium habitable for tortoises.  

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The bulb does not compromise on its UVB output levels, as it is made from high-quality UVB conducting quartz glass that prevents any sort of UVB absorption at the source. It emits 10% UVB that is enough to provide vitamin D to your terrapin in the right amount. 
It can generate 30% UVA that is adequate to foster natural behaviors like feeding, mating, and others. The bulb screws in the standard threaded sockets, so you don’t have to install any special socket for it. 
You can install the bulb in both horizontal and vertical directions this lets you optimize the reach of UVB light. It is available in varying sizes and can be used in tanks of different sizes. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 6 x 2 x 2 inches
  • Voltage: 110V
  • Watts: 13-Watts


  • Suitable for desert and basking reptiles
  • Produces a UVB output of 10%, necessary for calcium metabolism 
  • Gives off a UVA output of 30% that fosters natural behaviors like mating and feeding
  • No need for a separate ballast


  • The heat might not be sufficient for some reptiles

Creepet UVB Reptile Light Bulb:

This bulb is designed to satisfy all the needs of your tortoise without burning a hole in your pocket. It comes with a chip that stabilizes the current that is supplied to the circuit and prevents the bulb from blowing up and saves you a lot of money on bulb purchases. 

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It is made from quartz glass that conducts UVB optimally and stops it from being absorbed in the bulb itself while making sure that it reaches your tortoise in good amounts. It allows your tortoise to get the UVB radiation needed for calcium metabolism. 
Bright lights are known to attract all the living things and make them more active, Creepet UVB bulb generates excellent bright light that keeps your tortoise healthy and active while saving power. 
Creepet UVB bulb is designed to create an environment that is similar to the natural habitat of a tortoise. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 5.12 x 2.36 x 2.36 inches
  • Voltage: 110V 
  • Power usage: 13-watts


  • It has a long lifespan which is a result of an inbuilt chip that keeps the circuit safe.
  • Produces good UVB output
  • Made with quartz to ensure no absorption of UVB by the glass
  • Bright lighting
  • Saves power
  • Suitable for all desert reptiles


  • Does not provide warmth 

Evergreen 100 Watt UVA UVB Bulb

The Evergreen 100 Watt UVA and UVB Bulb serves as a good source of heat while offering the benefits of UVA and UVB light. It creates the perfect living conditions for the terrapins in the tank by giving them light and heat that is similar to natural sunlight. 

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Unlike most bulbs on this list, the Evergreen 100 watt bulb does not produce harmful UVC. The bulb can be used for other reptiles such as bearded dragons, turtles, geckos, snakes, lizards, iguanas, frogs, toads, chameleons, and more.
The bulb ensures your pet gets the benefits that it should get from the sun. It is a perfect fit for vivariums, terrariums, tanks, vision cages, and other artificial habitats. For a longer life, the bulb should be installed according to the instructions provided by the company. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 6 x 8 x 6 inches
  • Voltage: 120V
  • Power Usage: 100-watts


  • Good source of UVB, UVA, light, and heat
  • Suitable for a wide variety of reptiles
  • Compatible with different artificial habitat


  • Works better in small habitats

MyComfyPets UVB Light and UVA 2-in-1 Reptile Bulb:

Heat and UVB light plays a significant role in the growth of tortoises; it improves their health and helps them live longer. Therefore, it is important to have the right amount of UVB and UVB light in your terrapin’s tank. 

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MyComfy Pets UVB light comes with the dual benefit of heating and UVA emission. Moreover, these bulbs are super durable and do not shatter upon falling. The bulb works to produce heat and light simultaneously which gives your tortoise vitamin D that can help it with the calcium metabolism. 
The bulbs have an inbuilt failsafe switch that turns it off if there is any chance of overheating or fires. This feature can keep your terrapin safe and secure in the tank. The bulb is highly durable and has a lifespan of 10000 hours. 
You can use the bulb for other reptiles such as bearded dragons, lizards, reptiles, birds, terrariums, and aviaries. It is available in two variants i.e. 180-200 UVB and 400UVB they can be used in tanks of different sizes. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 6.89 x 5.91 x 5.71 inches
  • Power usage: 100-watts
  • Voltage: 120V


  • Builds appetite, activity, beautiful colors, and allows calcium absorption through vitamin D3 production
  • Works best for turtles, bearded dragons, lizards, reptiles, birds, terrariums, and aviaries.
  • The bulb emits both UVA and UVB radiation


  • Takes time to start emitting UVA and UVB light 

Zoo Med Desert UVB & Heat Lighting Dual Kit:

Setting up different sockets for a heating bulb and a UVB lamp will not only make the tank look congested but will make it dangerous too. Zoo Med Desert UVB and Heat Lighting Kit can be a great solution for this problem.

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The lighting kit consists of numerous accessories that make up the entire contraption. It has a mini combo deep dome with ceramic sockets that are to be used to power the lamps. The sockets can be used for lamps with a power capacity of 160 watts per second. 
It comes with dual on/off switches which let you control the heat and UVA emissions in the tank. The basking spot lamp has the company’s signature double reflector that reflects 35% more heat and light in the beam. 
This kit is best for diurnal reptiles that thermo-regulate their body by basking. Such reptiles include many tropical and desert species. For a longer life, the bulb comes with a true blue glass of European quality. This glass is not painted or coated with artificial colors which eliminate the fear of toxicity. 

Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 11 x 6 x 7.3 inches
  • Power usage: 13 watts
  • Voltage: 220V


  • Complete lighting kit for “desert” species
  • Mini combo deep dome lamp fixture
  • Repti Basking Spot Lamp 75 watts
  • Repti Sun 10.0 mini compact fluorescent lamp 13 watts


  • Takes approximately 5 mins to start emitting the radiation

Zilla UVB Desert 50 series Fluorescent Bulb 18 inch:

The Desert 50 series bulb is one of the popularly known solutions for improving the bone health of tortoises. Its ability to generate UVB light at 50 microwatts per second helps terrapins to get vitamins in the right amounts, thus improving their overall health. 

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The bulb produces the required UVA light along with a visible-spectrum illumination that makes skin coloration vivid and viewable. It is designed to fit almost all the standard socket types and has a lifespan of 3500 hours or one year on an average. 
Desert 50 series generates double the times of UVB radiation that can make the shell strong. It is important to keep the UVB light close to the basking area. The package comes with a chart that shows the maximum distance the basking area should be placed so that your tortoise gets an effective amount of UVB radiation. 
UVB lights don’t pose any threats to the tortoise, but they should be turned off during the night to make the bulb last longer. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 2 x 19.9 x 1.4 inches
  • Voltage: 80V 
  • Power usage: 15 watts


  • Ideal for desert reptiles that need UVB/UVA lighting
  • Provides UVB light rays which help in metabolizing essential calcium
  • Full-spectrum lighting improves the natural colors of the animal and environment 


  • The longevity of the bulb varies on usage 

PROKTH E27 UVB Lamp for Reptiles:

It can be hard to find a UVB lamp for tortoises that comes with all the necessary features at an affordable price. Fortunately, the PROKTH E27 UVB is the closest you can get to buying a perfect UVB bulb without having to spend much.

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The UVB output of this product is no joke, with just 13-watts and 220 volts it can provide the necessary amount of radiation to your terrapin. It is created using high-quality materials and most importantly has a built-in ballast. 
Even while emitting high radiation the bulb doesn’t consume a substantial amount of electricity. Its energy-saving and compact design can help you save a lot of money. The bulb is suitable for both subtropical and tropical reptiles. It is also believed to help them in reproduction and calcium metabolism. 
It comes in two different radiation outputs i.e. 5.0, 10.0. The UVB 5.0 is mostly used for tropical and subtropical reptiles. Whereas, UVB 10.0 is used for reptiles from tropical desert areas. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 130 * 55mm / 5.12*2.17 inches
  • Voltage: 220V
  • Power usage: 13-watts


  • High UVB output at 13W
  • Stimulate reproduction in reptiles and amphibians
  • The product can completely replace the sunlight
  • Provides necessary UVB rays for best calcium metabolism


  • The durability of the bulb varies based on usage

160 Watts SunForce Mercury Vapor Bulbs:

Disappointed with the low output amount and weak radiation rays generated by ordinary bulbs? You can try the P & P Mercury Vapor Bulbs that produce UVB and UVA with MicroWatts/CM2 which is higher than most of the products on this list. 

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The radiation output of these bulbs is so high that it penetrates further than the tortoise’s cage providing UV in the right amounts. Moreover, the bulb gives heat, light, and UVA & UVB radiation with its Mercury Vapor UVA/UVB bulb. 
It is an effective way of making the terrarium seem natural with the heat and sunlight. This product has many other health benefits apart from providing vitamins and heat to your terrapin. It can be used for other reptiles too. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 4.53*6.1inch
  • Voltage: 220V
  • Power usage: 160-watts


  • High radiation output
  • Suitable for different reptiles 
  • Provides heat, light, and radiation
  • Highly durable 
  • Effective in stimulating natural environment


  • Consumes a lot of power

Commonly Asked Questions About The Best UVB Bulbs For Tortoises 

Tortoise UVB bulbs are available in different shapes, sizes, types, and even have different installation procedures that can have a massive influence on the product’s efficiency. Such differences can confuse you easily and push you towards making the wrong decision. 

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Here are the answers to some of the common dilemmas faced by people when buying a UVB bulb for their pet tortoise. 

Do I Need UVB Lighting for My Tortoise or Turtle?

Many people opt out of buying a UVA and UVB light when purchasing essentials for their pets. It is not that these people lack affection towards their terrapin friends, but they rely on the store associate’s advice who tells them UVB lighting is not necessary. 
The absence of UVB lighting puts your tortoise at the risk of developing metabolic bone disease, becoming unable to synthesize Vitamin D, get lethargic, and lack of appetite.

How much light, heat, and UVB does a tortoise need?

Tortoises need three essential things to have a healthy life such as light, heat, and UVB. Depending on the species and their origins, the quantity of these three things varies massively. For instance, European tortoises that originate from temperate climates need less heat as compared to Mediterranean or tropical tortoises that are familiar to a much warmer temperature. To help you understand better, we have categorized some common tortoise breeds by common setups. 

European Tortoises: 

They are most comfortable outdoors, the European tortoises like Horsfield and Russian prefer a temperate climate. You can get a UVB lamp that provides around 10% to 12% UVB light, and set the heating around 34 degrees as the basking temperature. 

Mediterranean Tortoises: 

These tortoises prefer warmer temperatures, species like Marginated, Greek, and Leopard tortoises need 12% UVB for vitamin D3 synthesis, and the basking temperature set to 34 degrees celsius at the hot end. 

Tropical Tortoises: 

Since they originate from tropical regions, they prefer hotter temperatures for metabolic function such as 34 degrees Celsius or more. Tortoises like Redfoots get little UV in comparison due to the rainforest canopy; you can get a UV bulb of 5/6 percent that are suitable. 

What are the UVA light options for tortoises?

There are many light options available for tortoises these days, but the most traditional type of UVB light is the fluorescent strip light. This bulb looks like any other bulbs that are seen on the ceilings of most schools or places of business.Compact fluorescent UVB bulbs have a similar appearance like that of a corkscrew and have small fluorescent tubes that make the bulb. You can opt for this bulb if you have an extra clamp light laying around. The only problem with these bulbs is they cover a small area. 
Mercury vapor bulbs are quite expensive, but they are more durable as compared to the other options. These bulbs are more powerful than other UVB bulbs and also emit heat. They make an optimal alternative for large enclosures or rooms that house bigger tortoises. 

Conclusion Best UVB Bulbs For Tortoises 

It is common to develop a notion that tortoises are tough creatures, which is true; but only when they are in the wild. Housed tortoises don’t have the same immunity and strength and therefore depend on human interventions such as heaters, feeding dishes, and UVB bulbs. 
I hope the above information has helped you learn more about UVB bulbs for tortoises. If you have any queries or suggestions, you can write it in the comments. 

We hope you enjoyed our guide to the best UVB bulbs for tortoises if you have any questions regarding this article or any of the products on it please be sure to reach out in the comments below.

If you enjoyed this article please check out some of our others such as our guide to the best indoor tortoises or the best tortoise food dish.


Best Indoor Tortoises – A Guide To Ownership

Tortoises make fantastic pets due to their calm temperament, which is why they are kept as pets in more than 350,000 households in the US alone. They don’t make noise or break things or occupy a large space like other animals. Though many don’t know which species make the best indoor tortoises for pets.

Tortoises are very low maintenance and with basic care, they can live for a pretty long time. But choosing a pet tortoise is not easy, they come in different subspecies and have unusual looks and behavioural patterns that can influence one’s choice. 

To make it easier for you to choose an indoor tortoise, we have compiled a list of terrapins that are easier to care for along with the information of essential things that are needed to help them lead a long and healthy life. 

Best Indoor Tortoises

Greek Tortoise

This is the most popular species of tortoise that is found in the Mediterranean and the Middle Eastern region. Their iconic domed shell with black colored pattern makes it easy to identify them among other tortoises. You can buy one for $200 from your local pet store. 

They are alternatively known as the ‘Mediterranean Spur-Thighed Tortoise’ as they have ‘spurs’ on both sides of its tail. Greek tortoises can grow to a length of 10 inches and have a lifespan of 50 years. 
The tortoise of this species loves to spend most of their day soaking up the sun and hence require spacious enclosures. If you are planning to get one for your home, you will need an enclosure that is more than 18 square feet or more. 
Greek Tortoises are terrestrial in nature and are unable to climb the walls of the enclosure due to their heavy bodyweight. To keep them indoors you need to create an environment in their terrarium with the heat at 75 degrees -90 degrees Fahrenheit, a UVB light, a hot basking area, and 40%-60% humidity. 
These tortoises are herbivorous, and you can feed them leafy greens, broccoli, carrots, and other vegetables. If you take care of the basic things, you will not have any problem keeping them as pets. 

  • Price: $200
  • Size: 10 inches long (many tortoises stop growing at 5 inches)
  • Lifespan: 125+ years

The Russian Tortoise:

These tortoises are a perfect option for beginners. They are affordable, small in size, and look incredible. Russian Tortoises bond with humans very quickly and are easy to care for. Their lifespan is more than 40 years, and they prefer living in warm temperatures. 

However, you can keep them indoors too. All you need to do is modify the terrarium according to their physical needs. To live a healthy life, these tortoises need room temperature heat, a hot basking area, UVB light, and 30%-50% humidity. 
Russian tortoises are resilient and excellent adaptors. They can adapt to different temperatures with ease. It is one of the basic qualities that make them an excellent option for beginners. 
You will need an 8 square feet enclosure to keep them safe. These tortoises are excellent burrowers and often try to dig at the corners of their enclosures. When the temperature shifts to too hot or cold, they dig holes to go underground and hibernate. Hence, it is essential to keep a note of the temperature in their enclosure. 
In terms of size, they are similar to most tortoise species, and they can reach a length of 8-10 inches. You can buy a Russian Tortoise for $80-$200 but always keep in mind that they don’t like to be handled. 

  • Price: $80-$200
  • Size: 8-10 inches in length
  • Lifespan: 40+ years

Indian Star Tortoise

These tortoises are very beautiful and are loved by tortoise owners for the star-like pattern on their shells. It also accentuates their name. They are found in the regions of India and Sri Lanka. Importing these tortoises has become illegal these days, as their numbers have reduced significantly in their native habitat. 

Even though they make great companions for beginners, the cost of exporting them can be mind-blowing. It can cost you a whopping $500-$4000 to import an Indian Star Tortoise. If you are still keen on buying them, we recommend you to buy them from a trusted, captive breeder. 
Indian Star Tortoises are the same size as Greek Tortoises, and they can grow up to 12 inches. Their ability to adapt to the different humidity levels make them an ideal option for beginners. 
This commendable ability to survive in different humidity levels comes from the diverse Indian weather that consists of both monsoons and dry periods every year. 
You need to keep them in a 36-square foot enclosure to make sure that they have enough space for movement. They are very social with the tortoise of the same species, which means you can have more than one.

  • Price: $500-$4,000
  • Size: 12 inches long
  • Lifespan: 35 years

Sulcata Tortoise

Sulcata tortoises are revered around the world for many reasons. However, one of the most common reasons that people pick or avoid sulcata tortoises is their size. They are among the few terrapins that can grow up to astounding sizes. 

Owing to their massive stature, sulcata tortoises are mostly kept outdoors, but if you are planning on housing them indoors, you need to make certain arrangements beforehand. They need an enclosure that is around 80 square feet and a substrate that they can burrow and dig into. 
These giant terrapins can reach a height of 30 inches in length and gain 100 pounds when raised in good health conditions. Even though they are large, they can be housed indoors only if you have extensive experience in housing tortoises. But they should not be handled frequently. 
Just like Russian Tortoises, Sulcatas also like burrowing and digging. Their diet mainly consists of grass, lettuce, and leaves. When raised in the right conditions, Sulcatas can live for 50 years. Their intelligence and docile behavior make them great pets. 
If you have made up your mind to buy a Sulcata Tortoise, we recommend you to buy them good captive-bred terrapins. A healthy Sulcata Tortoise can cost you around $50-$200 based on age and size.
Price: $50-$200
Size: 30 inches in length
Lifespan: 50 years

Hermann’s Tortoise

These are huge tortoises with massive shells that are covered in beautiful designs. They are usually found in the Mediterranean Basin, and the smallest Hermann’s tortoise can measure are around 8 inches in length.

Hermann’s tortoises are known for their single, horn-like claw that is found on the tips of their tails. They usually prefer an outdoor warm environment but even when indoors they should have at least 16 square feet of space. 
To live healthily indoors, they need to have an enclosure that has a temperature of 70 degrees-80 degrees Fahrenheit, UVB light, and a basking spot. Due to their highly active nature, you will need enclosures that have very high walls as they tend to climb them. 
You can add hideouts, large rocks, nontoxic plants, and decorations to its enclosure to encourage them to be active and prevent boredom. You can scatter food around the enclosure too.
Hermann’s Tortoises are docile and gentle which makes them excellent pets for beginners. Just like every other tortoise breed, they enjoy leafy greens like kale and dandelions. They also eat fruits occasionally. 
These tortoises are known to live for more than 75 years and can cost you anywhere between $200-$800 depending on their age.

  • Price: $200-$800
  • Size: 8 inches in length
  • Lifespan: 75+ years

Red-Footed Tortoise

There are many things about this tortoise that people find interesting and make them wish to get their hands on it. This was the first species of tortoises that were native to the South American and Caribbean Islands.

As the name suggests they have red legs but some of them have red tails and heads too. This has also earned them the name ‘Cherry head’. These tortoises are medium-sized in the terrapin species, and they can grow to a maximum of 14 inches long. 
The Red-Footed Tortoise comes at an affordable price and has a curious nature that makes them perfect for beginners. In order to house a Red-Footed Tortoise, you need to provide them with a cumulative space of 50 square feet. 
Apart from the area, they need a specific temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit all year round. They need UVB light for vitamins and calcium metabolism, while the humidity levels in the enclosure should be around 70% to 80%.
The Red-Footed tortoise has a peculiar diet that makes them stand out among other tortoises. It consists of leafy greens and fruits, but they enjoy insects or small mice. 
These terrapins can live for more than 50 years and can cost you around $150-$400 based on their age. 

  • Price: $150-$400
  • Size: 14 inches long
  • Lifespan: 50 years

Leopard Tortoise

If small and medium-sized tortoises don’t impress you, a Leopard tortoise can be an ideal option. These tortoises are the second-largest subspecies native to Africa, and they stand as the fourth largest in the world. They can grow up to 17 inches long and weigh 40 pounds. 

Normally, these terrapins are housed outdoors, but if you are planning to keep them indoors, you need to know that these terrapins need at least 80 square feet of space and can take a whole room. 
To live indoors healthily, they need an average enclosure temperature around 80-90 degrees Fahrenheit. You need to keep the air dry as they are intolerant to moist conditions. 
Owing to their massive size, their enclosure can be pretty high-maintenance to set up initially, but once you get used to it, things become much easier. 
These tortoises come in colors like black, yellow, and brown with unique blotchy-pattern on their shell. Even though they are herbivorous in nature their diet is different from all the other tortoises. They prefer eating forbs such as seeds, grains, and nuts rather than greens and grasses.

In the wild, they spread these seeds all over their home territory, which helps grow these plants. 

A Leopard Tortoise has a beginner-level temperament. Their behavior is slow, docile, and they don’t dig. If cared for properly, they can live for more than 50 years. You can buy a Leopard Tortoise for a price of $200-$300. 

  • Price: $200-$300
  • Size: 17 inches long
  • Lifespan: 50+ years

Pancake Tortoise:

The name Pancake may sound funny, and due to their active nature, they can make fun pets. These tortoises are commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa and they have sea turtle-like shells. Most of the pancake tortoises have high rounded shells. 

Their shells do not protect them from predators, so they avoid them with their commendable speed and flexibility. You can have a lot of fun with their ability to move fast. They belong to the small species of tortoises and grow up to 7 inches long. 
Since they have a small stature they don’t need much space to live and can stay happily indoors. You can keep them in a 40-gallon terrarium or a 4-square foot tortoise table with a basking spot, UVB light, a temperature gradient of 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit, and 60-75% humidity.
If you are planning on getting a pancake tortoise, you need to look for an enclosure with high walls, as they are known for climbing the walls very well. Just like other tortoises, pancake tortoises feed on vegetables and grasses. 
These tortoises are not as popular as other species due to the stringent restrictions on their export and they do not breed in captivity. Due to the export regulations, a pancake tortoise can cost you around $400-$600. 

  • Price: $400-$600
  • Size: 7 inches long
  • Lifespan: 30 years

Marginated Tortoise:

These tortoises are native to Greece, and they are named after the flared rear marginal scutes which make them unique among other tortoises. Young Marginated Tortoises have rich and bright colors on their body. 

Marginated Tortoises are the largest species in Europe and can reach a length of 12-14 inches long. The male tortoises are shorter as compared to the females that can reach full size. 
When outdoors, these terrapins tend to spend most of their time digging especially when it’s warm and sunny. If you wish to keep them indoors, you will need an enclosure of around 16 square feet that has a temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit. 
The enclosure must have a UVB light with a heated basking spot at 90-95 degrees Fahrenheit and air humidity of 50-70%. These tortoises grow well when they are well hydrated and get enough food. 
The Marginated Tortoises have a varied diet of weeds, leaves, and flowers. Just like other tortoises on this list, they have a pretty long lifespan of 35 to 50 years old. When taken care of correctly these terrapins grow healthily and develop a docile and friendly behavior. 
You can buy a Marginated Tortoise for $200-$500 from your local pet shop. 

  • Price: $200-$500
  • Size: 12-14 inches long
  • Lifespan: 35 to 50 years

Egyptian Tortoise

These tortoises are known for their beautiful shell and long life. They are commonly found in the regions of Egypt, Libya, and parts of Israel. They are the smallest tortoises known to humans, and they can grow up to 5 inches in length.

In recent years the population of these tortoises has declined drastically, and to protect them their sale has been regulated. In such cases, you can buy the tortoises from authorized breeders. 
These tortoises make ideal home pets due to their size, similar to pancake tortoises; they can fit in a 4 feet table for their enclosures. The tortoises grow better indoors when they are given perfect living conditions. They are used to the hot and dry environment of the Egyptian desert. 
When kept indoors their enclosure needs to have UVB light, a UVA basking light, an average tank temperature of 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit, and 20-30% humidity. These conditions can improve the tortoises’ health and help them live longer. 
In suitable conditions, the tortoises can have a lifespan of 70-100 years. Their scarcity has affected price massively and made them a tough find. However, you can get them at $1000. 

  • Price: >$1,000
  • Size: 5 inches long
  • Lifespan: 70 to 100 years

What are the things that you need to consider when getting a pet tortoise?

Tortoises perform best in the habitats that are beneficial for their health. Since every tortoise has different abilities, without the right information it can be difficult to provide them the care they need for growth.

Here are some of the important things you need to know before getting a pet tortoise. 

Food and care: 

As mentioned above every tortoise is unique and needs special care along with a carefully curated diet. Sometimes tortoises can eat a lot but feeding them general food may not be an ideal solution. 
Moreover, general foods might not carry the nutritional value required for a tortoises’ growth. Some food items can be dangerous for terrapins, therefore, you must check for any kind of food allergy that your tortoise may have. 

Space and cost: 

Before you get a tortoise, you need to consider the size of the tortoise and your house. If you live in a small house or an apartment, an Egyptian tortoise can be a better option, but if you have a big house you can opt for a sulcata.
Apart from the size, the decision of the kind of tortoise you buy also depends on price. If you have a small budget, you can choose an affordable and common tortoise. 
On the other hand, if you can shell out a massive amount of money and spare a large space for your tortoise, you can get the bigger and the expensive ones. 


Most people forget or neglect this important aspect when purchasing or rescuing a tortoise. You need to be careful in such a situation as buying an illegal tortoise can land you in a lot of trouble. To avoid this, you can check with the local authorities and get information on tortoises that you can keep as pets in your locality. 

Commonly Asked Questions About the best indoor tortoises: 

Is a sulcata tortoise a good pet?

A sulcata tortoise has amazing qualities that make them incredible pets. In addition, they have docile and interactive behavior. However, to keep them at their best, you need to make sure that their basic needs of space, temperature, humidity, and substrata are met in the kind of habitat you provide them.
You have to consider factors like climate and diet that can have a massive influence on their behavior. 

Can a tortoise live in my backyard?

Some tortoises can be kept outdoors ergo your backyard but only if the conditions are favorable for them. Tortoises need decent space irrespective of their size such as a Russian tortoise. You also need to keep in mind that tortoises tend to burrow which can be very effective against fences. Therefore, relying on fences to keep them safe might not be the right thing to do. 
You need to add a shelter or shaded area to protect them from extreme weather in your absence. Young tortoises can be kept indoors in an enclosure with the right equipment needed for care. 

Is it possible for me to create a self-sustaining food source for my pet tortoise?

Yes, you can but only for herbivores. And the best way to do this is by growing a vegetable garden. However, you need to make sure that the vegetables have no pesticides on them. You can cultivate vegetables like 
lettuces, arugula, cabbages, carrots, and squashes considering the size of the enclosure. 
In the offseason, you can get creative and make a small greenhouse with lights to grow the vegetables. With a little planning, you can grow food for your tortoise all year long. 
Carnivorous food can be a problem as hatching insects puts you and your house at the risk of infestation. 

Conclusion Best Indoor Tortoises: 

Owning a tortoise sure sounds fun but before you finalize on a particular type of tortoise, you need to consider the essential factors that can affect your and the tortoise’s life. You also need to get the essential equipment such as enclosure/terrarium, heaters, UVA light, and a basking platform for the well-being of the tortoise. 

We hope you enjoyed our guide to the best indoor tortoises, if you have any questions regarding this guide or any of the tortoises on it please be sure to reach out in the comments below.

If you did enjoy this guide please to be sure to check out some of our others such as our guide to the best tortoise enclosure or the best tortoise food dish.


Best Tortoise Enclosure Reviewed

While fishes and aquatic turtles live in tanks, the same cannot be used for tortoises. Even though they are amphibians in nature, they need a habitat that keeps them safe and secure. Which is why enclosures are one top choice for sheltering tortoises. 

Owning a tortoise is a lifetime commitment, and since they have a long lifespan, it is necessary to give them the care they need for a healthy life. Therefore, purchasing a good quality enclosure can be a great start.
Tortoise enclosures are structures that keep your terrapin safe and have a healthy life. These days enclosures are made from different materials like wood, glass, plastic, and even metals. Since tortoises are pretty good at adjusting, materials won’t be a problem.  
To get a tortoise enclosure, you can visit a local pet store or choose one from our list that consists of the best ones you can find on the internet with great value for money. 

Best Tortoise Enclosure: 

When choosing a tortoise enclosure, what you really need to look for is the size, species, and gender of your tortoise. Apart from these factors, you need to decide whether you are going to keep your tortoise indoors or outdoors.

Unipaws Chinese Fir Wood Tortoise House:

You don’t have to spend a lot to make your tortoise comfortable. On the other hand, something as simple as a wooden box can be a good shelter option for your terrapin. You can opt for the Unipaws Chinese Fir Wood Tortoise House that comes with more features than a wooden box at an affordable price. 

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This tortoise enclosure has everything a terrapin needs for survival. It is divided into different parts that include a hiding area that can make your tortoise feel safe, and an outside zone where it can get sunlight during the day. 
The box has a wood-sided design for additional safety while the floor is made from a single piece of wood that prevents the soil from leaking out of the bottom. You can keep it indoors to protect your tortoise from cold or bad weather. 
It is easy to assemble and takes only 30 minutes to set it up alone. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 34″ x 22″ x 12″ 
  • Volume: 10 gallons 
  • Weight: 20 pounds 
  • Material: Fir Wood


  • Comes with handles that make transportation easier 
  • Anti-corrosion and moisture-proof
  • It’s made out of fir wood that is safe for tortoises


  • Suitable for small tortoises only

Zen Habitats Reptile Enclosures with PVC Panels:

Tortoises need space to be able to move freely inside the box, and in the growing stage, any obstruction in the box can make things difficult for them. For growing turtles like these, the Zen Habitats Reptile Enclosures with PVC Panels is a perfect option. 

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It has 1-inch anodized aluminum strips that keep the enclosure box together. There are bamboo printed PVC panels that make up for the wall. These panels make the box look natural while being highly durable at the same time. 
The doors of the enclosure are made from acrylic plastic and slide on the side to open. These doors are transparent and let you see your tortoise. It has a galvanized steel screen on the top with an additional top humidity shield that retains humidity. 
A 6-inch substrate shield is incorporated at the bottom of the box to keep the soil, sand, or leaves inside. To enable you to place your lighting fixtures inside or outside the closure, you can use the screen support bars and wire grommets on the steel screen top. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 48″ x 24″ x 16″ 
  • Volume: 80 gallons 
  • Weight: 42 pounds 
  • Material: PVC


  • Supports UTH (Under Tank Heating)
  • The perfect size for a tortoise
  • Super easy assembly


  • No lock on the sliding doors
  • Hard to clean

REPTI ZOO Reptile Large Terrarium:

We all want our tortoise friend(s) to be safe, but we also want to interact with them as much as possible. REPTIZOO Reptile Glass Terrarium solves this dilemma with ease and elegance. The very appearance of this terrarium is breathtaking, while the features are crème de la crème.

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It is made from a high-quality thick, and hard tempered glass that gives you the best view of your tortoise. The enclosure is suitable for damp and humid conditions and is also very easy to clean. It has glass that can maintain the correct and precise heat gradient in the enclosure. 
The enclosure has a heightened glass panel that allows you to mount a substrate heater or heat cable. You can also take advantage of the watertight base and make a small swimming pool in the box. 
It has a mesh top for ventilation that can be removed in case of dry weather. You also add a UV light to make the best use of the mesh top as it allows maximum penetration. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 48″ x 18″ x 18″ 
  • Volume: 67 gallons 
  • Weight: 70 pounds 
  • Material: Glass


  • Front sliding doors that can be opened separately
  • Easy to install takes only 15 minutes to setup
  • High quality and packed well


  • Non-removable lock 

Aivituvin Wooden Tortoise House:

This is like an upgrade to the Unipaws Chinese Fir Wood House if your tortoise liked that and has outgrown it, this is just what you need. The best feature of this house is, it can be expanded in size by joining it with another box as your tortoise reaches a large size. 

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It is constructed from solid wood and has a unique acrylic design that lets you interact with your tortoise more. To let your pet sleep undisturbed, the enclosure has a private sleeping area. There is a basking area too, where the tortoise can get the heat it needs. 
The enclosure opens from the top and has hinges on the lid that make it easy to open.

These hinges stay open at different angles and allow you to give your tortoise direct sunlight. The bottom of the enclosure is sealed with plastic that prevents water leakage. 
Owing to its innovative construction it is easy to clean and lets you keep your tortoise as hygienic as possible. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 39.4″ x 24″ x 12.4″
  • Volume: 50 gallons
  • Weight: 24 pounds
  • Material: Wood


  • Great value for money
  • Made from 100% solid wood
  • Perfect layout


  • Not deep enough for the tortoise to burrow into

ROCKEVER Tortoise House Enclosure Indoor/Outdoor:

Good things come in small packages! This aptly suits the description of ROCKEVER Tortoise House Enclosure. It is one of the few enclosures in the market that has so many features while being incredibly safe for tortoises. 

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It is made of solid wood that can withstand scratches and bites of your tortoise with ease. The enclosure is divided into different parts that can be used for various purposes. It has a sleeping area. 
There is a wood roof attached with hinges and has a metal rod support that keeps it open.

You can use it when outdoors to give your tortoise some sunlight. The box comes with a light stand that allows you to hang the heating bulbs and make a perfect basking spot.
It has two metal grate frames that let you see the tortoise inside the box. One of the metal grates opens up to let you take the tortoise out of the box. The box has a metal lock that keeps your turtle from escaping. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 36″ x 24″ x 14″ 
  • Volume: 55 gallons 
  • Weight: 30 pounds 
  • Material: Wood


  • Large size, good quality, and easy to assemble.
  • Easy to clean  
  • Clear Instructions for assembly 
  • Big enough for one Tortoise


  • Assembly can take time

Zoo Med Tortoise House:

The Zoo Med Tortoise House is not only a great option for tortoises but also the owners. It comprises features that can have a massive influence on your decision of buying an enclosure. This model from the company is not only practical but also easy on the eye and gives you great value for money.  

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It is made from all-natural fir wood construction that makes it very reliable. The house is divided into two parts i.e. a private area and an open area. It gives your tortoise space to sleep, and the other part allows it to bask in the sunlight. For privacy and shelter, the house has deluxe wood siding. 
The house is made to last all weather conditions and is a safe retreat for your tortoise both indoors and outdoors. It has a lockable safety cover that keeps your pet from escaping and running away. 
You can also remove the end panel of the house to connect it to another product and make a more spacious habitat for your tortoise. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 37″ x 25″ x 13″ 
  • Volume: 45 gallons 
  • Weight: 26 pounds
  • Material: Wood


  • Has a wood siding that provides privacy
  • Designed specifically for a tortoise
  • Combines 2 cages into 1
  • Easy to assemble


  • Not suitable for large tortoise

Carolina Custom Cages Terrarium:

The installation of some tortoise cages can be difficult and time-consuming. If you don’t wish to go through this ordeal, you can look for enclosures that have an easy installation process. Carolina Custom Cages Terrarium can be an apt solution if you are looking for a simple and appealing enclosure for your tortoise. 

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Carolina Custom Cages Terrarium comes in 18 different models that are easy to install. Most of them provide tortoises with ample space for movement. These terrariums are perfect for any adult tortoise. 
It allows you to decorate the terrarium extensively and make your terrapin feel more comfortable. The terrariums are well-ventilated and can provide ample air to your terrapin. It has sliding doors that can help you remove your tortoise easily.  
The base of the tank is leak-proof and hence, can be used to create a swimming pool for your terrapin. 
Key Specifications:

  • Size: 48″ x 18″ x 18″ 
  • Volume: 66 gallons 
  • Weight: 65 pounds 
  • Material: Glass


  • Huge size for terrapins 
  • Sliding doors come with suction cups for handles 
  • Easy assembly and dismantling 
  • High-quality dual sliding front glass panels and 2 removable top screens


  • Expensive

Petsfit Hutch Wood Enclosure:

If you have a large-sized tortoise, small terrariums and enclosure will surely not make the cut. You need something that is spacious and meets the needs of your pet tortoise. The Petsfit Rabbit Hutch can be an ideal option. 

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Even though this cage is designed for rabbits, it can be a great shelter for large-sized tortoises. Its spacious size is sufficient for providing your tortoise for moving around and even basking in the sun. 
It is constructed using solid wood and has a classic design that makes it look like furniture in your yard. To protect your pet from the harmful chemicals, the company has painted the enclosure with water paint. 
The enclosure has a front and top door for cleaning and playing with the tortoise. It has a removable button that makes cleaning super easy. The entire package is shipped disassembled, but the specific instructions make the entire process easier. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 36″Lx22″Wx30″H
  • Weight: 33.07 Pounds
  • Material: Wood


  • Non-toxic paint
  • Easy to clean 
  • Spacious for large size turtles
  • Looks like furniture and can be kept outdoors too


  • Assembling the enclosure can be time-consuming 

Leoie Tortoise Habitat:

Leoie Tortoise Habitat is enclosure is a lot more different than the other ones on the list. It is a semiaquatic setup for your tortoise. This terrarium gives your tortoise the benefit of different settings making it a lot more comfortable for them. 

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It has a breeding hibernation area, a feeding trough, a basking platform, a docking ramp area, and a swimming area. The semi-transparent design of the tank lets you interact with your tortoise more.
The tank is absolutely safe for your tortoise, as it is made from non-toxic plastic that is durable too. You can choose from colors like white, blue, and black. You can fix different types of heating lights on top of the tank. 
It also has a ramp that allows your tortoise to climb up to the basking spot with ease. The ramp has ridges that give the tortoise a good grip while climbing. There are small cups on the basking platform that can be used for feeding the tortoise. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 15.75 x 9.06 x 5.12 inches
  • Weight: 13.05 Ounces
  • Material: Plastic 


  • Multiple settings for tortoises
  • Non-toxic plastic
  • Different colors 


  • Suitable for small-sized tortoises
  • The cups are a little shallow that holds less food. 

PawHut Triangular Small Animal Outdoor Run:

Keep your tortoise safe and secure in the outdoors with this playpen from PawHut. It has an easy installation process and makes a great house for small and large-size tortoises due to its spacious design.

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The triangle frame is astoundingly lightweight and can be carried anywhere with ease. Its screened walls are durable and sturdy that provides ample ventilation for your tortoise. This playpen also protects your pet from outside predators. 
It has a netted space for tortoises that lets you interact with them more and the private sleeping area makes them feel safe and allows them to sleep peacefully. There are 2 easy to open doors that give you quick access to your pet. 
The playpen is made from high-quality cedar wood that is safe for your turtles and can withstand any kind of weather. Even though the playpen comes packed in different parts, it is quite easy to assemble and does not take much time. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 45.5″L x 24.25″W x 20.75″H
  • Weight: 19 pounds
  • Material: Fir Wood, Steel Wire


  • Spacious
  • Screen for protection
  • Easy to access pets


  • Takes up a lot of space

Things to consider when purchasing a tortoise enclosure: 

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When choosing a tortoise enclosure, it is the size of the sides that you need to consider. However, they don’t have to be very tall, but only high enough so that your tortoise doesn’t escape from the enclosure.

Outdoors and indoors: 

The most important thing you need to consider is the size and space of the enclosure that allows your tortoise to roam freely inside. If you have a baby tortoise, it is best to keep it inside and safe from predators. 
When your tortoise reaches a juvenile age, you can get a custom-made tortoise enclosure that will protect it from the predators outdoors. 

Terrarium or Vivarium?

People often get confused between terrarium and vivarium due to their structure and appearances. And, your best bet could be on solid structures as tortoises are not able to see through the glass. 
It is recommended that you buy a tortoise terrarium that has some visual barrier on the sides. A visible panel at the front is acceptable as it will let you see the tortoise. If you plan on keeping the enclosure on the ground, you can choose to buy one with all sides covered. 


There are numerous types of materials that are used to create enclosures for tortoises. When buying an enclosure you need to check if the material used to create it is safe for your tortoise. For instance, most people think that wood enclosures are perfectly safe but sometimes these woods are covered in harmful toxins that can pose a grave danger to your terrapin’s health. 


The decision of keeping your tortoise indoor or outdoor depends on the species of tortoise you own. Based on your pet’s nature, you can further decide, which type of enclosure you should buy. 
The goal of an indoor enclosure is to mimic that the tortoises are familiar with in the wild. You need to consider things like the type of enclosure, the size, the substrate, the lighting, water sources, hiding areas, and sources of enrichment.
When choosing an outdoor enclosure, you need to keep one basic rule in mind ‘The bigger, the better’, this rule applies for all kinds of tortoises. They need a lot of space to move around inside the enclosure and hence, you need to look for shelters give them a lot of space for movement without any obstruction. 
Apart from space, you need to look for the right material as the enclosure will be up against all kinds of weather when outside and hence needs to be able to withstand such weather and keep your pet safe. 

Commonly asked questions:

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Do Land Turtles Need Water In Their Enclosure?

Land waters do need clean water to drink but you need to be very careful when filling water as keeping it too deep can increase their chances of drowning. You can spray water on them to make them feel like its raining and give them a close to their natural habitat experience. 

How Big Should A Tortoise Enclosure Be?

To ensure that your tortoise has enough space for movement inside the enclosure. Therefore, you need to buy an enclosure that is 1 square foot of every square inch of your tortoise. 

Do I Need A Heat Lamp For A Tortoise?

Tortoises are coldblooded animals and need a sufficient amount of heat to perform basic bodily functions. Hence, it is important to get a heat lamp for your tortoise to keep it safe and prevent it from going into hibernation. 

Do Tortoises Need A Heat Lamp At Night?

In the night temperature tend to reduce by a few degrees and this can create a significant difference in your tortoise’s enclosure; especially if the substrate is damp. To help your tortoise cope up with the decreasing temperature, you need to keep the lamp on during the night. 


Enclosures provide shelter and protection to your tortoise, but it is essential to choose the one that meets the requirement of your pet. You can get a readymade enclosure from online or you can follow DIY steps to create one, the things you need to focus on include space, comfort, and compatibility. 
I hope you have gained substantial knowledge about tortoise enclosures from the above information. If you have any queries or suggestions about the same, you can write them in the comments. 


Best Tortoise Food Dish Reviewed

When tortoises are kept in terrariums or enclosures, they depend on their human companion for food and care. Most of the tortoise owners just place their food anywhere inside the tank, and this is where the problem begins. 

Not all owners keep a track of the amount of food their terrapins consume in a single meal. And even though tortoises are always hungry, they do not eat huge portions of food at once. This results in an increase in food residues which can cause various problems for your tortoise. 
It’s not like there’s no way out of this feeding routine and avoiding its ill effects. As a matter of fact, this problem has one of the simplest solutions that one can find i.e. keeping a feeding bowl in your tortoise’s enclosure. 
Just like other indoor pets, a tortoise’s feeding bowl serves the same purpose- keeping the food and water in one place. This prevents the foods and water from getting mixed in the substrate and making the terrarium safe for your pets. 
There is a wide range of feeding dishes available online varying on the basis of size, material, and design. To save you the trouble of looking for feeding bowls, we have compiled a comprehensive list of dishes that can be a fantastic addition to your tortoise’s terrarium. 

Best Tortoise Food Dish: 

Our list combines food dishes that are suitable for tortoises of all sizes and species. These bowls have different features and prices, thus you need to consider your requirements carefully before narrowing your options. 

Exo Terra Water Dish

The product has been designed to keep your pets safe and make a fine addition to the terrarium. It has been constructed using food-grade plastic that eliminates the fear of food toxicity. 

  • Made with a natural-looking finish
  • Equipped with safety features to prevent drowning of small tortoises
  • Doesn’t allow growth and habitation of bacteria
  • Durable and isn’t easily tipped over
  • Easy to clean
  • The size is not the same as specified

It has a detailed finish that is similar to a natural rock on the outside, and a smooth surface on the inside. This enables the dish to blend in the terrarium with the rest of the decorations. For additional safety, the bowl has an antimicrobial surface that prevents the growth of harmful bacteria. 
To make it even more hygienic, it has been designed with a smooth and easy to clean surface that protects your pet from infections caused due to water contamination. Its non-porous body prevents the food or water from getting absorbed in the bowl. 
The ramp also keeps small insects such as crickets, grasshoppers, and other insects from drowning. It is available in various sizes that can be used for tortoises of different ages. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 8.7 x 6.7 x 2 inches
  • Weight: 2.39 Pounds
  • Material: Food-grade resin



Zoo Med Combo Reptile Rock Food and Water Dish:

Why settle with one when you can get two at a great price. The Zoo Med Combo Reptile Rock comes in a set of two different dishes that can be used for food and water. It is constructed using high-quality materials that make it durable and safe for tortoises. 

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The dishes are stackable and can be stored easily for a long time without damaging them. It is colored to look like a real rock and can blend amazingly with other decorations in the terrarium. 
It is designed to withstand the bites of aggressive tortoises and its blunt edges make sure that your terrapin does get injured while doing so. Moreover, it is made from flavorless material which makes the tortoises uninterested in the dish. 
The shallow design of the dishes makes it easier to clean and protects your tortoises from different diseases and infections. They are available in various sizes that can be used for terrapins of different species and ages. 
Key Specifications:

  • Size: 9.6 x 7.5 x 2.2 inches
  • Weight: 1.35 Pounds
  • Materials: Plastic 


  • Made with durable materials to withstand wear and tear
  • Has a natural finish
  • Combination of both water and food dish
  • The material is not toxic to your pet


  • Too shallow 

Zoo Med Reptile Rock Corner Water Dish: 

Tortoise feeding dishes can often take a sizable amount of space in the tank and make it uncomfortable for your pet. To solve this problem, you can try the Zoo Med’s Reptile rock corner water dish. 

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The dish has a triangular design that fits the corner of any tank with ease and lets you feed your tortoise without compromising on space. Irrespective of its name the dish can be used for both food or water. 
It is made of high-quality plastic and has smooth edges that are harmless to your terrapin. The dish is designed to look like a rock structure and blends into the tank’s decoration making the habitat seem more natural to the tortoise.
The bowl is designed to withstand the bites and scratches of any tortoise. Owing to the flat bottom and smooth design, the dish can be washed in a dishwasher too. You can find these bowls in different sizes that are suitable for juvenile tortoises to adult ones. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 9.3 x 8.2 x 3 inches
  • Weight: 1.8 Pounds
  • Material: Plastic


  • Can be used as a food bowl
  • Made to fit perfectly in the corner of the terrarium
  • Durable
  • Easy to wash and clean


  • Due to the lack of a ramp, small tortoises may not be able to reach the top of the bowl 

Pranovo Leaf Reptile Food and Water Bowl:

If you wish to add beauty to your terrapin’s tank without compromising on convenience, you can opt for Pranovo Leaf Reptile Food and Water Bowl. Shaped like leaves these dishes make it easier for tortoises to eat food and drink water.

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Its thoughtful design allows tortoises of different ages and sizes to eat food and drink water easily. The smooth texture of the leaves prevents debris from getting accumulated and makes cleaning convenient. 
If you are concerned about the bowl getting toppled over due to its lightweight, you can use a simple hack. All you have to do is roll some tape and stick the dishes to the bottom of the tank. Moreover, these dishes can be used for other reptiles too. 
The dish also keeps your tortoise safe as it is made from food-grade plastic that has very low toxicity levels. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 6.4*4.9*0.7 inch
  • Weight: 3.2 Ounces
  • Material: Plastic


  • Appealing leaf design
  • Smooth and easy to keep clean
  • The shallow rim makes it easy for small-sized tortoises to get in
  • Suitable for several other reptiles


  • The plastic is thin and might break easily if attacked by large tortoises 

Wingoffly Automatic Reptile Feeders and Water Dispenser:

This is a suitable option for tortoise owners who don’t spend much of their time home but wish to keep their pets hydrated. It has a water dispenser that keeps refilling the water dish as it gets emptied. 

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The dish is constructed using safe materials, and they pose no harm to your pet or the terrarium’s environment. It is highly durable and can withstand the strikes and bites of your terrapin. 
Due to its well-planned construction, the dish does not overturn even if your terrapin tries to. It also contributes to the benefit of getting two dishes at the same time, as it has space for food too. The dish has a shallow rim that makes it suitable for small tortoises too.
The dish has an easy water filling system, and due to the smooth design, it is easy to clean too. It is constructed using non-toxic materials that don’t harm your tortoise in any way. The dish can be used for other reptiles as well.
Key specifications: 

  • Size: 9.33 x 9.09 x 3.86 inches
  • Weight: 9.49 Ounces
  • Material: Plastic


  • Automatically dispenses water so your tortoise stays hydrated
  • Easy to fill water and clean bowl
  • Made with non-toxic plastic
  • Is suitable for other reptiles too


  • The mounted water bottle gets knocked off easily. 

POPETPOP Reptile Water Bowl:

If you are planning to make your tortoise’s terrarium look fancy with a lot of decoration then this wonderful water bowl is a must buy. Popetpop Reptile water bowl has a fancy appearance and comes with numerous features that will surely impress you. 

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It has a meticulous design that gives it a rock-like appeal that enables the bowl to blend in the decoration. There are two parts of this water bowl, which can be used to put water and food. 
The bowl has a smooth design that is harmless to your tortoise. This design also contributes to the easy cleaning process which can be a major advantage. However, only the plastic plants on top of the water bowl can be difficult to clean.
It is constructed using high-quality materials that are gnaw-proof and durable. The bowl can last for a long time if cared for properly. Moreover, the bowl does not absorb any food or water to keep your pet safe from bacteria. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size : Approx. 15 x 13 x 7cm
  • Weight: 13.3 Ounces
  • Material: Resin


  • Durable
  • High-quality material
  • Does not absorb any food or water
  • Blends with other decoration 
  • Available in different sizes


  • Artificial flowers can be hard to clean 

Rehomy Reptile Food & Water Feeder Resin Simulation Plants Dish:

Give your notorious tortoise a great feeding option that is safe and comes with a reduced risk of being overturned with the Rehomy Reptile Food and Water dish. It is designed to mimic the sea ambiance with its plastic flowers and detailed design. 

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The dish causes no harm to your turtle as it is made using a high-quality resin that is non-toxic and does not have any side effects on your terrapin pet even if the dish is gnawed by it. The dish is highly durable and does not break off easily. 
It can hold ample amounts of water and food that can keep your turtle well-fed for at least a day. You can use this dish for other reptiles too such as frogs, geckos, lizards, spiders, etc. Its unique design allows you to place it anywhere in the terrarium. The dish is suitable for baby and juvenile turtles. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 21x20x15cm
  • Weight: 1.21 Pounds
  • Material: Resin


  • Highly durable and gnaw proof
  • Made from high-quality resin that is safe for tortoises
  • Suits any kind of tank decoration
  • Can be used for other reptiles


  • The artificial plants can be hard to wash
  • May take up a lot of space in the tank 

Hffheer Reptile Food Water Dish:

If you are finding it hard to match any of the above options to your tank decorations, we suggest you opt for a simple dish made of high-quality materials. You can take a look at the Hffheer Reptile Food Water Dish. 

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It has the same design and color as a rock and comes with a shallow bottom that is smooth, and easy to clean. The dish has soft edges that protect your terrapin from getting injured. It can be used for feeding both water and food to tortoises. 
To make it safer for tortoises the dish is made from high-quality resin that firm, does not deform easily, and can be used for a long time. The combination of shallow bottom and added weight makes it hard for tortoises to tip the bowl over and scatter the food all over the tank. 
It comes in different color options i.e. blue and green, whereas the sizes available for the bowl are small and medium. You can use it to feed other reptiles like lizard, frog, gecko, spider, scorpion, snake, etc.
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 14*12*1.6cm
  • Weight: 89g
  • Material: Resin


  • Does not deform easily 
  • Long and durable life
  • Can be used for different reptiles 


  • Not suitable for large-sized tortoises

Fluker’s Reptile Bowl:

Fluker’s is known for creating high-quality animal products that come with commendable durability and extensive features. Even its feeding bowl comprises the essential qualities that are useful for feeding while being topped off with additional and unique features. 

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For starters, the bowl comes in 5 different sizes that have different colors and formations that could help the turtles. Secondly, the shape of the bowl is designed to look like a rock making it easier to blend in the tank environment.
The shape of the bowl makes cleaning easier and does trap any debris. It has been painted using natural colors that pose no harm to your terrapin’s life. It can be used for feeding both food and water. 
To make sure that you don’t have to keep filling the bowl more frequently, the bowl has a deep center that can hold a lot of food or water at once. It also has added weight that keeps it from getting tipped over. 
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 8 x 5 x 1 inches
  • Weight: 13.4 Ounces
  • Material: Plastic


  • Looks like a real rock 
  • Has a deep bottom
  • Comes in different shapes and sizes
  • Heavyweight keeps the bowl from tipping over 


  • Has sharp edges 

Zoo Med Reptile Ramp Bowl:

This bowl is all about offering convenience to your terrapin friend. It is designed to blend in the decoration and make the habitat look as real as possible. The bowl’s all-plastic body is safe for the terrapins and protects them from getting hurt. 

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It has been designed to look like a real rock. Whereas, the ramp structure allows tortoises to climb on top of the bowl easily for a sip or a bite. Its durable body can withstand the bites and claws of any tortoise. 
Due to the smooth edges and simple structure of the bowl, it is easy to clean. Moreover, the bowl does not trap any food in its holes or gaps. You can buy the bowl in 3 different sizes based on the age and size of your tortoise. It is also suitable for other reptiles such as lizards, frogs, toads, salamanders, and snakes.
Key Specifications: 

  • Size: 12.7 x 9.3 x 0.4 inches
  • Weight: 1.8 Pounds
  • Material: Plastic


  • Tortoise friendly
  • Does not trap any food or dirt
  • Blends easily with the decorations


  • Takes up a lot of space in the tank 
  • Color may vary

Commonly Asked Questions: 

Considering the variety in the types of materials and sizes, choosing the right bowl can be confusing. Here are some of the common questions that people have when buying a tortoise food dish. 

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What is the right placement for a food dish?

To make sure that your tortoise is safe and makes the best use of the food dish it is better to keep the food dish at the cold end of the enclosure. Tortoises tend to flip over or sideways in their water dishes, especially small tortoises. It can be fatal as you wouldn’t want your tortoise to get trapped in the feeding bowl under the hot basking bulb.

What is the ideal dish material?

There are many materials that you can choose from. But, when it comes to plastic dishes, it is best to go with food-grade plastics as they are non-toxic. Plastic items manufactured for non-food purposes are questionable in terms of quality and toxicity. 

What should be the ideal height of the dishes? 

You start with a shallow water dish and see if your tortoise can get in and out of it easily. It can be dangerous if your tortoise flips inside the bowl that could cause it to drown. You can follow this method; the younger the tortoise, the shallower the water dish. 

How to choose to water dishes for outdoor use?

Some tortoises owners prefer to keep their terrapins outdoors. While indoor tortoises are taken care of by their owners, outdoor tortoises have to fend for themselves. Outdoor terrapins face different kinds of weather, and due to their constant contact with the sun, they tend to drink a lot of water. 
You can use both plastic and ceramic flower pot saucers as an outdoor water dish. If you have a deep bowl, you add a layer of pebbles to protect your tortoise from drowning. Baby tortoises can also drink between the space in the pebbles. To make it easier for baby tortoises, you can dig a hole in the ground and place the bowl in it. 

How frequently should you feed indoor and outdoor tortoises? 

Tortoises are constantly hungry, but it is not possible to keep feeding them all day. Moreover, putting excess food can put them at risk of getting infected from decaying food or make them fat. It is recommended that you monitor your terrapin’s food carefully. 
For indoor tortoises, you can stick to a routine of feeding them small meals throughout the day or a big meal once a day. Always remove the remaining food from the tank after your tortoise is done eating. 
Outdoor tortoises have a different eating routine altogether, they roam around most of the time and eat when they feel like. Therefore, it is important to provide them with a dish that holds enough water and food that can last all day.


Choosing a tortoise food dish is more like a gamble, there is a fair chance your tortoise might like it or reject it. Hence, you need to have patience when introducing your tortoise to the bowl. We recommend you start with cheaper options first and then go on to buying costlier ones. 
I hope the above-mentioned information has helped you learn more about tortoise food dishes. If you have any queries or suggestions, you can write them in the comments below.